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November 27th, 2003, 06:09 AM
November 27, 2003

Financial District Security Getting New Look


As public space, the eight blocks around downtown's greatest crossroads — Wall and Broad Streets, the front yard of the New York Stock Exchange, Federal Hall National Memorial and the original headquarters of J. P. Morgan & Company —never fully recovered from Sept. 11, 2001.

In the name of security, pickup trucks are parked crosswise at seven key intersections to block and control traffic. Racklike metal barricades around the Stock Exchange have kept pedestrians penned in like sheep. Until Tuesday, a concrete Jersey barrier at the mouth of Wall Street faced Trinity Church.

But in recent days, the metal barricades were replaced with a chest-high steel fence, made to look like wrought iron and decked with evergreen garlands and red ribbons. The security line was pulled in to allow pedestrians about 20 feet more room on Broad Street and 10 feet more room on Wall Street.

And yesterday, standing on a platform in the middle of Broad Street, Gov. George E. Pataki and Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg officially declared an end to the era of what the governor called "obtrusive, obnoxious security measures."

With dozens of bystanders watching from the other side of the new fence, the mayor and the governor unveiled a banner hanging from the facade of the Stock Exchange. Three giant watercolor renderings showed concepts for future streetscapes, including a long fountain in front of the exchange like those outside the Metropolitan Museum of Art. The fountain would double as a barrier.

By spring, officials promised, there will be no more pairs of trucks parked to block intersections along Broadway and Pine, William and Beaver Streets. These trucks have created an extended security zone centered on the exchange.

What will probably replace the vans everywhere but Broadway are retractable, wedgelike devices, recessed in the roadbed, that are commonly known as Delta barriers, said Stefan Pryor, chief of staff of the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation, which is financing the $10 million streetscape program. The corporation is designing the project with the City Planning Department, in collaboration with other agencies and Rogers Marvel Architects.

Ultimately, Mr. Pryor said, the operable barriers may give way to even less intrusive security devices cloaked as lampposts, benches, even the protective guards around street trees.

At the two Broadway intersections, the trucks will probably be replaced by metal posts known as bollards, some of them retractable to allow the passage of emergency vehicles.

"We believe we're doing this without the slightest compromise in the security that we need in this country and in this city," Mayor Bloomberg said. "The world still is a dangerous place, but we have to be able to go about our business and leave security up to the professionals."

The relief is not coming too soon for those who live and work around the exchange. In the last year, seven businesses failed on Broad Street between Beaver Street and Exchange Place, within the blockaded zone, said Julie Menin, president of Wall Street Rising, a nonprofit neighborhood coalition.

"Finally, the financial core of New York is going to have the aesthetic grandeur that the area really deserves," she said. "It will no longer look like a war zone." Ms. Menin said she had heard visitors saying to one another: "What happened? This is Wall Street. How could it look like this?"

Carl Weisbrod, president of the Alliance for Downtown New York, also welcomed the new measures. "Balancing security against livability — and blending the two — looks easy," he said. "But it wasn't."

There is a natural tension between security officials, who prefer the broadest zones around buildings that might be terrorist targets, and planners, who are trying to ensure the smooth movement of traffic and easy public access to the same buildings, many of them among the city's most important landmarks.

But those who attended yesterday's ceremony stressed that the streetscape project had been a cooperative process. "I wouldn't use the word `tension'; I'd use the word `synergy,' " said Deputy Chief John J. Colgan of the Police Department. "It was a well-reasoned discussion by people of good will."

Copyright 2003 The New York Times Company


TLOZ Link5
November 27th, 2003, 01:41 PM
I hope lighting is part of the plans. Wall Street looks very gloomy and foreboding at night. I was down there with a friend at eight o'clock on Saturday night and there was practically no one around, not even on Stone Street. At eight p.m. in Midtown on Saturday, half the city is up and about.

You'd think that with 30,000 people living below Chambers Street nowadays, they would actually go out and have a little fun in their neighborhood at night.

December 8th, 2003, 04:17 AM
December 8, 2003

Keeping Canyons Lighted After Bulls and Bears Leave


They stopped rolling up the sidewalks at night in the financial district a few years ago. Now, they will even leave some lights on.

Hoping to enliven what is still a pretty dim nighttime streetscape, a group of downtown landlords — mostly along Wall and Broad Streets — plans to illuminate the lower facades of 14 buildings over the next year.

The Deutsche Bank building at 60 Wall Street, formerly the headquarters of J. P. Morgan & Company, will be the first to be lighted, beginning this week. The second and third buildings to be illuminated, later this month, are 23 Wall Street — a landmark that was also a Morgan headquarters — and an adjacent tower, 15 Broad Street. Both face the New York Stock Exchange across Broad Street.

"One of the problems we found downtown is that the lighting currently on Wall Street is truly dreadful," said Julie Menin, president of the nonprofit Wall Street Rising neighborhood coalition, who lives nearby. "It's yellow. It's not uniform. There are very dark spots."

Wall Street Rising, which was organized after the Sept. 11 attacks, commissioned an overall plan from Horton Lees Brogden Lighting Design. Then it approached owners, who agreed to spend $25,000 to $100,000 on each building. The whole project, called the Corridor of Light, will cost about $1 million.

"The idea was to light it like Paris at night," Ms. Menin said. "There's such fantastic architectural detail that's not being lit." She also said the project would improve security.

Building illumination has advanced beyond giant spotlights, said Peter Jacobson, a lighting specialist at Con Edison who has been advising Wall Street Rising. Compact and efficient fixtures can be tucked inconspicuously into cornices and other architectural features. Their color and intensity can easily be changed.

Deutsche Bank recently moved its United States headquarters from Midtown to 60 Wall Street, a 50-story tower with a monumental colonnade at street level. Alan Scott, the head of corporate real estate and services for Deutsche Bank Americas, said, "Our participation in this lighting project further demonstrates the bank's commitment to being part of this community."

Two other buildings were bought recently by Boymelgreen Developers. Boymelgreen is converting the properties to residential and retail use, with at least 200 condominium apartments and perhaps as many as 400 units, said Asi Cymbal, vice president and general counsel of the company. The first phase of the conversion will be finished next year, Mr. Cymbal said.

"With exterior lighting, it will only enhance the beauty of the project," he said. The four-story, marble-clad building at 23 Wall Street has a monumental, angled entrance at the corner of Broad Street. The 38-story tower at 15 Broad Street, originally the Equitable Trust Building, was joined to 23 Wall Street and served as headquarters for the Morgan Guaranty Trust Company.

Another landmark that will be included in the lighting program is 48 Wall Street, the 34-story former Bank of New York headquarters. Still used as an office building, it is owned by Swig Burris Equities.

Swig Burris also plans to illuminate 44 Wall Street, the 25-story former Bank of America, and 5 Hanover Square, a 25-story tower from the early 1960's that is being renovated by Moed de Armas & Shannon.

"We can create this warm, magnificent glow at night," said Kent M. Swig, the principal of Swig Burris. "Rather than have these dark and passive buildings lining the streets, we can get animated, almost active buildings."

Rudin Management is planning a lighting installation at 55 Broad Street that would literally be animated, a kind of electronic metaphor for "bits and bytes of information moving at the speed of light," said John J. Gilbert, executive vice president and chief operating officer. The Rudin family built the 30-story tower in 1967 and now calls it the New York Information Technology Center.

The biggest question mark about the Corridor of Light project involved the Regent Wall Street hotel at 55 Wall Street, a landmark structure with two tiers of colonnades.

The hotel has been a hub of downtown social life since its opening four years ago. Its president and managing director, Christopher R. J. Knable, is a director of Wall Street Rising, and the hotel was one of the first institutions to sign up for the project. But the hotel is scheduled close next month.

Nonetheless, Asaad Farag, the hotel's general manager, said last week that the closing "will not affect the lighting plan at all."

Copyright 2003 The New York Times Company

December 8th, 2003, 10:42 AM
Thank God. There should be much more of this all over the city. Facades, spires, etc. It can only make NYC even more amazing.

Well, even though 9-11 is just a horror, it finally got people thinking of improvins the Wall St. area again... silver lining.

February 25th, 2004, 12:27 AM
February 25, 2004

A Plan for Wall St. Security, Without the Pickup Trucks


The double ranks of pickup trucks that now control seven intersections leading to the New York Stock Exchange will be replaced with retractable posts, wedgelike vehicle barriers and custom-designed barricades resembling small sculptural bronze boulders.

These and other elements of high-security landscaping, which were approved yesterday by the Landmarks Preservation Commission, are intended to protect the exchange from terrorists without sacrificing the public realm to the almost warlike blockades, including the trucks, that have been in place since Sept. 11, 2001.

"This is about making the area around the stock exchange more secure, more livable, more attractive and easier to navigate," Gov. George E. Pataki said in a statement issued by his office. He has called existing security measures obtrusive and obnoxious.

Installation of the new devices is expected to begin within weeks, said Joanna Rose, a spokeswoman for the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation, which is contributing $10 million of the financing. The total cost has yet to be determined, she said. Private contributions are expected from the exchange, among others.

Acknowledging that vehicles will no longer be welcome directly in front of the stock exchange, the development corporation and the City Planning Department said that the roadbed of Broad Street, between Wall Street and Exchange Place, would be repaved in preassembled paving blocks called Eurocobble, creating a permanent pedestrian zone.

The most visually striking element will be a new kind of polygonal sidewalk barrier, called a NoGo, designed by Rogers Marvel Architects of Manhattan. These would largely replace the far more cumbersome jumbo planter tubs that have come to be another unwelcome intrusion along city sidewalks.

NoGos would stand up to 30 inches high and weigh several thousand pounds each. (Officials did not want their specific weight disclosed.) Their faceted exteriors would probably be clad in cast bronze, but their cores would most likely be solid concrete. Because of their weight, they would not need to be anchored to the pavement and threaded through the linguini of utility lines under the sidewalk.

At five intersections, the pickup trucks that security officers now drive back and forth to allow the passage of authorized vehicles would be replaced with movable barriers set flush into the street that rise up to form a protective wedge. These are commonly known as Delta barriers after the manufacturer, the Delta Scientific Corporation.

They would be at Pine and Nassau Streets, Wall and William Streets, Exchange Place and William Street, Broad and Beaver Streets and New and Beaver Streets.

At Broadway and Wall Street and Broadway and Exchange Place would be operable bollards - upright posts that could be retracted to admit emergency vehicles, the only motorized traffic allowed through these pedestrian-only intersections.

To accommodate the bollards, the street level on these blocks would be raised to the curb level, creating a uniform surface, with the former curb line shown graphically. This proposal drew objections from some preservationists, since it is the street plan itself that is protected under a 1983 landmark designation.

But the landmarks commission members greeted the proposals warmly. They unanimously adopted a positive report on the matter, saying that the new measures "will not significantly diminish the perception of any of these areas as streets."

Vishaan Chakrabarti, director of the planning department's Manhattan office, also offered a distant hope. "We don't necessarily view these security elements as something that has to be there for the rest of our lives," he said.

Copyright 2004 The New York Times Company

February 25th, 2004, 10:28 AM
Good idea, use barriers, bollards, and bronze bolders. It took them that long to figure it out? Get it done already.

March 22nd, 2004, 12:19 PM
March 15, 2004

Wall Street Security Streetscape Gets a Makeover

Artists rendering of the NYSE area after the three-phase project is complete

Since September 11, 2001, barricades and bulky planters have lined Wall, Nassau, and Broad Streets, and pickup trucks have blocked intersections, making the narrow streets around the New York Stock Exchange area safer -- but also a little cramped.

Thanks to a $10 million contribution from the Lower Manhattan Development Corporation, as well as some private funding, and the intensive work of the New York City Department of Transportation, City Planning, and Police Department, the neighborhood is undergoing the second phase of streetscape work, creating a pedestrian-friendly makeover that will keep security tight and sidewalks flowing.

These changes are building on improvements unveiled in November, which included outdoor seating at cafés and restaurants. See here (http://www.lowermanhattan.info/news/changes_afoot_near_new_81573.asp) for details of the first phase of area improvements.

The arterial also is one of several brightened up through the "Corridor of Light (http://www.lowermanhattan.info/health/question_week/why_are_the_exteriors_15929.asp)" project, which will illuminate the facades of 14 classic area buildings. The plan was kicked off in December 2003 by non-profit community group Wall Street Rising (http://www.wallstreetrising.org/) and is being funded by each building's owner.

Some changes, such as outdoor seating, have already been put in place

"Bicycle rack" French barricades along Wall Street have been replaced by a black, wrought-iron fence that's opened up more of the pedestrian-heavy street -- though this fence too will be replaced by a more permanent installation once the refined streetscape plan is realized. The oversized sidewalk planters, considered an improvement on the concrete Jersey barriers that originally guarded Broad Street, eventually will be replaced by sculpted, bronze-cast sidewalk barriers now being designed by Rogers Marvel Architects.

While fencing and bollards will direct much of the area's traffic, a more sophisticated set of "Delta barriers" (designed by Delta Scientific Corp.) that rise and sink from the street as necessary will replace the pickup trucks that now serve as moveable barriers. The improvements are expected to be completed by Spring of 2004.

Also in the works are plans to install "Eurocobble," a preassembled cobblestone pavement, atop the asphalt on Broad Street between Wall and Exchange Place to raise streets to sidewalk height and create a permanent pedestrian zone.

The city and LMDC are exploring other potential improvements that could be in place as soon as 2005, such as a block-long fountain that will evoke the canal that flowed along Broad Street in the 17th century. Plans for pedestrian plazas and boards providing historical information to visitors along landmark Wall Street are also being considered.

Artists rendering of the future area includes public plazas, 'Eurocobble' pavement and fountains

Copyright 2003 Company 39, Inc.

July 8th, 2007, 11:41 PM
New York Plans Surveillance Veil for Downtown

NY TIMES (http://www.nytimes.com/2007/07/09/nyregion/09ring.html?_r=1&hp&oref=slogin)
July 9, 2007

By the end of this year, police officials say, more than 100 cameras will have begun monitoring cars moving through Lower Manhattan, the beginning phase of a London-style surveillance system that would be the first in the United States.

The Lower Manhattan Security Initiative, as the plan is called, will resemble London’s so-called Ring of Steel, an extensive web of cameras and roadblocks designed to detect, track and deter terrorists. British officials said images captured by the cameras helped track suspects after the London subway bombings in 2005 and the car bomb plots last month.

If the program is fully financed, it will include not only license plate readers but also 3,000 public and private security cameras below Canal Street, as well as a center staffed by the police and private security officers, and movable roadblocks.

“This area is very critical to the economic lifeblood of this nation,” New York City’s police commissioner, Raymond W. Kelly, said in an interview last week. “We want to make it less vulnerable.”

But critics question the plan’s efficacy and cost, as well as the implications of having such heavy surveillance over such a swath of the city.

For a while, it appeared that New York could not even afford such a system. Last summer, Mr. Kelly said that the program was in peril after the city’s share of Homeland Security urban grant money was cut by nearly 40 percent.

But Mr. Kelly said last week that the department had since obtained $25 million toward the estimated $90 million cost of the plan. Fifteen million dollars came from Homeland Security grants, he said, while another $10 million came from the city, more than enough to install 116 license plate readers in fixed and mobile locations, including cars and helicopters, in the coming months.

The readers have been ordered, and Mr. Kelly said he hoped the rest of the money would come from additional federal grants.

The license plate readers would check the plates’ numbers and send out alerts if suspect vehicles were detected. The city is already seeking state approval to charge drivers a fee to enter Manhattan below 86th Street, which would require the use of license plate readers. If the plan is approved, the police will most likely collect information from those readers too, Mr. Kelly said.

But the downtown security plan involves much more than keeping track of license plates. Three thousand surveillance cameras would be installed below Canal Street by the end of 2008, about two-thirds of them owned by downtown companies. Some of those are already in place. Pivoting gates would be installed at critical intersections; they would swing out to block traffic or a suspect car at the push of a button.

Unlike the 250 or so cameras the police have already placed in high-crime areas throughout the city, which capture moving images that have to be downloaded, the security initiative cameras would transmit live information instantly.

The operation will cost an estimated $8 million to run the first year, Mr. Kelly said. Its headquarters will be in Lower Manhattan, he said, though the police were still negotiating where exactly it will be. The police and corporate security agents will work together in the center, said Paul J. Browne, the chief spokesman for the police. The plan does not need City Council approval, he said.

The Police Department is still considering whether to use face-recognition technology, an inexact science that matches images against those in an electronic database, or biohazard detectors in its Lower Manhattan network, Mr. Browne said.

The entire operation is forecast to be in place and running by 2010, in time for the projected completion of several new buildings in the financial district, including the new Goldman Sachs world headquarters.

Civil liberties advocates said they were worried about misuse of technology that tracks the movement of thousands of cars and people.

Would this mean that every Wall Street broker, every tourist munching a hot dog near the United States Court House and every sightseer at ground zero would constantly be under surveillance?

“This program marks a whole new level of police monitoring of New Yorkers and is being done without any public input, outside oversight, or privacy protections for the hundreds of thousands of people who will end up in N.Y.P.D. computers," Christopher Dunn, a lawyer with the New York Civil Liberties Union, wrote in an e-mail message.

He said he worried about what would happen to the images once they were archived, how they would be used by the police and who else would have access to them.

Already, according to a report last year by the civil liberties group, there are nearly 4,200 public and private surveillance cameras below 14th Street, a fivefold increase since 1998, with virtually no oversight over what becomes of the recordings.

Mr. Browne said that the Police Department would have control over how the material is used. He said that the cameras would be recording in “areas where there’s no expectation of privacy” and that law-abiding citizens had nothing to fear.

“It would be used to intercept a threat coming our way, but not to collect data indiscriminately on individuals,” he said.

Mr. Browne said software tracking the cameras’ images would be designed to pick up suspicious behavior. If, for example, a bag is left unattended for a certain length of time, or a suspicious car is detected repeatedly circling the same block, the system will send out an alert, he said.

Still, there are questions about whether such surveillance devices indeed serve their purpose.

There is little evidence to suggest that security cameras deter crime or terrorists, said James J. Carafano, a senior fellow for homeland security at the Heritage Foundation, a conservative research group in Washington.

For all its comprehensiveness, London’s Ring of Steel, which was built in the early 1990s to deter Irish Republican Army attacks, did not prevent the July 7, 2005, subway bombings or the attempted car bombings in London last month. But the British authorities said the cameras did prove useful in retracing the paths of the suspects’ cars last month, leading to several arrests.

Copyright 2007 The New York Times Company

July 8th, 2007, 11:52 PM
This is a good idea and long overdue. If you want privacy, then stay at home. Those cameras will not see anything that a regular police officer wouldn't see himself, but they will increase the efficiency of pinpointing suspicious behavior or tracking down stolen cars.

July 9th, 2007, 01:21 PM
I highly recommend you call every elected official that has a hand in this and complain. There is no need for this program other than for spying on the people. Camera's have never stopped a terrorist attack and they never will....

By the end of this year, police officials say, more than 100 cameras will have begun monitoring cars moving through Lower Manhattan, the beginning phase of a London-style surveillance system that would be the first in the United States. ""

London is a police state and it has no place in our country... Wake up and call your officials.


July 9th, 2007, 05:55 PM
Based on the info in the article above those 100 cameras ^^^ are a mere drop in the bucket of the thousands to come ...

July 19th, 2007, 12:41 AM
i duno, i think itz a pretty good idea =)

July 20th, 2007, 09:50 AM
London is a police state and it has no place in our country... Wake up and call your officials. And back to Bethlem we go my friend!

February 20th, 2009, 09:47 PM
The Street is almost complete, city says


Security barriers on Wall St.

By Julie Shapiro

The city’s overhaul of the streetscape around the New York Stock Exchange is nearing completion.

By the end of the summer, the unsightly security barriers installed after 9/11 will be gone from Wall and Broad Sts., replaced with bronze bollards, fresh cobblestones and new street furniture.

“We’re making a secure area, without the public really understanding that it’s a secure area,” said Owen Foote, project manager with the city Economic Development Corporation. “So when you walk in, you don’t feel you’re in a security zone. That’s incredibly important.”

The city is replacing the delta barriers that popped up after 9/11 with pairs of turntables at the intersections of Wall and William Sts. and Broad and Beaver Sts. The turntables, which consist of a row of short bronze pillars that turn to either block traffic or admit it, will be in place in April, Foote said.

The city will then rebuild the streets, adding in historic references, which it hopes will be complete by September. On Wall St., that means a row of square wooden blocks flush with the cobblestones, marking the wall the Dutch erected as the northern boundary of New Amsterdam. The city will also mark the canal that once flowed down Broad St., using shades of gray stones to show the stream’s path. The edges of the virtual canal will be engraved with a timeline, featuring events key to the neighborhood’s history and development.

The project also includes new sidewalks and cobblestones and a new extended pedestrian area on lower Broad St., furnished with movable tables and chairs. The project’s cost falls under the $25 million the Lower Manhattan Development Corp. allocated to security improvements for the neighborhood after 9/11.


Broad St., which used to be a canal, will have reminders of its water roots under the street plan expected to be done in September.

“It seems like it’s taken forever,” said Roger Byrom, chairperson of Community Board 1’s Landmarks Committee, as he listened to the city present final details of the plan last Thursday. The committee passed a resolution supporting the plan.

After the meeting, Byrom praised the historic references the city is weaving into the security-based design, though he wishes it were not necessary to block off the neighborhood’s main streets.

“Finally the plan is coming together,” Byrom added. “We just wish it could be completed sooner. We’re going to miss another whole season when people might sit outside and might enjoy it.”

kers never know what utilities they will find when they begin tearing up decades-old streets.

“We are unearthing pipes that have not seen light in years,” he said.

Sometimes pipes that are too close to the surface have to be moved deeper, which adds time to the project, Foote said.

The city Landmarks Preservation Commission has approved nearly all of the project but will examine one final aspect March 3: The written historic content the city wants to inscribe on the streets and bronze bollards.


March 21st, 2010, 09:31 PM
http://img338.imageshack.us/img338/6152/securitysign02.th.jpg (http://img338.imageshack.us/i/securitysign02.jpg/)

March 21st, 2010, 09:42 PM
http://img338.imageshack.us/img338/6152/securitysign02.th.jpg (http://img338.imageshack.us/i/securitysign02.jpg/)
It looks great and can't wait for the barriers to be removed.

They should repave Nassau Street with cobblestones next and make it pedestrian only.

March 22nd, 2010, 06:59 AM
I want to see the crappy, 1950s building on the southeast corner of Wall and William come down. I believe it's a market rental and therefore, should be easy to empty.


August 9th, 2012, 12:53 PM
NYPD unveils new $40 million super computer system that uses data
from network of cameras, license plate readers and crime reports

Domain Awareness System is a joint venture between city and Microsoft.
Commissioner Ray Kelly says system is able to access information through
live video feeds and allow cops to get reading on radioactive substances

NEW YORK DAILY NEWS (http://www.nydailynews.com/new-york/nypd-unveils-new-40-million-super-computer-system-data-network-cameras-license-plate-readers-crime-reports-article-1.1132135)
August 8, 2012

The NYPD is starting to look like a flashy, forensic crime TV show thanks to a new super computer system unveiled Wednesday near Wall St.
The Domain Awareness System designed by the NYPD and Microsoft Corp. uses data from a network of cameras, radiation detectors, license plate readers and crime reports, officials said.

“We’re not your mom and pop police department anymore,” Mayor Bloomberg crowed. “We are in the next century. We are leading the pack.”

The system, which cost somewhere between $30 and $40 million to develop, could also help pay for itself with the city expecting to earn 30% of the profits on Microsoft sales to other city’s and countries, Bloomberg said.

The joint venture began when the NYPD approached Microsoft about the effort, officials said.

Cops were involved with the programmers throughout the process, earning the city its cut of the proceeds.

Officials declined to predict how much the city’s share of the system could be worth.

“For years, we’ve been stovepiped as far as databases are concerned,” NYPD Commissioner Raymond Kelly said. “Now, everything that we have about an incident, an event, an individual comes together on that workbench, so it’s one-stop shopping for investigators.”

Using the new system, investigators will be able to access information through live video feeds and could potentially see who left a suspicious package behind just moments later, Kelly said.

The system will also allow cops to get a reading on radioactive substances, and determine if it is naturally occurring, some kind of weapon or a harmless isotope used in medical treatments.

“We can track where a car associated with a murder suspect is currently located and where it’s been over the past several days, weeks or months,” Kelly said. “This is a system developed by police officers for police officers.”

The system will also check license plate numbers to a watch list and alert investigators if a match is detected and quickly pull up crime reports, arrests and warrants on a suspect.

The system has some civil liberties advocates warning of Big Brother type surveillance.

“We fully support the police using technology to combat crime and terrorism, but law-abiding New Yorkers should not end up in a police database every time they walk their dog, go to the doctor, or drive around Manhattan,” said New York Civil Liberties Union Associate Legal Director Chris Dunn.