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Thread: Urbanity in Barcelona

  1. #46
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    DIAGONAL 00 TOWER
    Telefonica Co. Head Office in Barcelona



    ... organic skin ...



    ENRIC MASSIP-BOSCH


    DESCRIPTION

    ..."Diagonal 00": It is the name of a tower 110 meters high, of crystal and white steel that will raise along with the Forum Building to lodge Telefonica Company Headquarter in Barcelona and where there will be located its I+D Center. The building will be in the same point in which a hotel was projected six years ago. The author of this project was Enric Massip, the same architect who now has designed Diagonal 00 Tower.



    ... It will be a prism of triangular base that will align with one of the sides of the building Forum, also triangular. And, as this one, it will create a square in his low part along which it will be possible to walk. From here on, quite there will be differences. Opposite to the horizontal form and the intense blue of H&dM, Diagonal 00 Tower will be 110 meters high - the same one of the hotel Princess, in the apex of the Diagonal with the Taulat street - and it will be a big network of crystal and white steel.



    ... A structure of 25 floors that will create a space without barriers in his interior. Elevators and central services will be located in the central trunk of the tower.



    ... Diagonal 00 Tower in an angle that looks like a contemporary incarnation of Mies' first proposal, from 1921, for the Friedrichstrasse skyscraper in Berlin- has no pillars inside and shows an exoskeleton on the facade; it's something like SOM's Arts Hotel at the Olympic Village, yet while Bruce Graham's white geometrical structure follow the orthogonal laws of a more rationalist tradition, Massip's exterior steel structure looks like a mess of tree branches, interlocked to form a more complex, organic skin (which will be cladded in glass). Somehow the tower looks like a Catalan version of Toyo Ito's Tod's Omotesando Building in Tokyo, but more fragile and elegant. It should start to be built in summer 2008 and finished around 2010.

    MOCK-UP



    RENDER / AERIAL PHOTO



    CREDITS

    www.emba@coac.net
    w3.bcn.es
    geocities.com



  2. #47
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    PRINCESS HOTEL
    01 Diagonal Av. Barcelona



    ... remembering Dalí ...



    OSCAR TUSQUET

    DESCRIPTION

    ... The first tower to be erected in the Diagonal Mar/Fòrum area was the Princess Hotel. And not only it was the first one -and the tallest in that zone- but it's probably the only one (together with the future Massip's Diagonal 00 Tower) worth checking out for its architecture.



    ... Being a Tusquets building it has that funny, quasi-frivolous character of most of his works. The triangular, 364-rooms hotel is actually a conglomerate of different, fragmented parts -which allow for great sun exposure and sea views for almost all the rooms-: two metal-cladded towers linked by glass galleries, the taller one (109 m, 26-storey), almost perpendicular to the Diagonal Avenue and punctuated by vertical strips of colored concrete (orange and blue), and the smaller one (23-storey) at the sharp corner of Diagonal and Taulat Street and facing Herzog & de Meuron's also-triangular Forum blue building.



    ... The shape of the building itself makes, to look for their multiple angles, always get a view of the different structure.Thus, the angles and corners of the structure, such as games and colored glass from the outside, create a new building that seems to be observed.



    ... As a curiosity, we can say that is the first completed building that exceeds 100 meters high in Barcelona, after the construction of Towers Arts and Mapfre in the Vila Olympic in 1992. It is also considered close to AC Diagonal and the Hilton in the area, the first grand hotels built in Barcelona, after the Hotel Arts in 1992.



    ... There's a couple of outdoor, small swimming pools as well: one on top of the smaller tower (at the 23rd floor, with great views) and one below, over the 3rd floor and between the two towers.



    ... Inside there is a Dalí Art Gallery (Tusquets was a personal friend and his collaborator back in the 1970s) and in the public area there's the famous Mae West Sofa both artists made in 1974.



    ... As for their equipment, include: 3 panoramic elevators with a view to the Avinguda Diagonal and Agbar Tower, 3 bars, "the corner bar" in the lobby of the hotel, "the Gym Bar" on the third floor with access to the pool and "the Crown princess" at the plant 23 free, with panoramic views of Barcelona, 2 restaurants, convention halls and SpaZone with pool, sauna and gym.

    PICTURES


























    TECHNICAL DRAWINGS






    ORTOPHOTO




    CREDITS

    COURTESY of



    Arquitecturas Óscar Tusquets Blanca SL
    (www.tusquets.com/)

    Muñoz + Albin Architecture and Planning, Inc.
    2929 Briar Park Drive, Suite 310, Houston, TX 77042 (USA). info@munozalbin.com
    http://www.munozalbin.com/

    factoriaurbana.com

    geocities.com

    PHOTOS by:

    nano
    banzaii
    perolk
    mjaniec
    cien de cine



    Last edited by Dr.T; October 1st, 2008 at 11:55 PM.

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    CZF HEADQUARTER BUILDING
    FORUM 2004 OFFICE BUILDING



    ...urban lighthouse...




    JOSEP LLUIS MATEO i MARTÍNEZ


    DESCRIPTION

    ... One of the vertical appendages that rise from the
    CCIB complex, facing Taulat Street, in the Fòrum area. The 22-storey office tower, 90 m tall, has, like the adjacent tower -the AC Hotel- and the CCIB itself, a sort of Dutch look, formally resembling some OMA stuff. It has, like the contiguous AC (both towers are connected at the ground floor and functionally linked to the CCIB), a fragmented composition: in this case different volumes -dressed with different claddings- are glued to a central, concrete core which contains the staircase and elevators.



    ... At a certain height, this central column -ornamented with a combination of color LEDs- appears naked and just above, it holds up a big glass prism, suspended from three big trusses on top. This prism makes it look like a sort of lighthouse at night, and is, both formally and structurally, the most interesting part of the building.




    TECHNICAL DRAWINGS





    MOCK-UP




    RENDER



    ORTOPHOTO



    CREDITS

    RENDES, MOCK-UP and PLANES by

    MAP Arquitectes SL
    (www.mateo-maparchitect.com/)

    geocities.com

    PHOTOS by

    cien de cine

    AP


    Last edited by Dr.T; October 1st, 2008 at 11:56 PM.

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    ILLA DEL MAR
    RESIDENTIAL COMPLEX




    ... between the sea and the park ...
    Martínez & Sisternas



    DESCRIPTION

    ... Illa del Mar is a planned residential complex to be located on the Mediterranean Sea in Barcelona's Diagonal Mar development. Consisting of four buildings ranging from three to 27 stories, this 34,853-square-meter (375,000-square-foot) residential complex will be located in the third-largest public park in the city (Miralles´Diagonal-Sea Park).





    ... The buildings will contain approximately 262 condominium residences with two levels of underground parking. In addition to being adjacent to the Diagonal Mar Retail and Leisure Centre, the buildings will have retail space on the ground floors and will surround a swimming pool, paddle tennis court and gym for residents' use. This is the fifth and final phase of residential development within the Diagonal Mar master plan.







    TECHNICAL DRAWINGS





    ORTOPHOTO



    CREDITS

    espais.cat

    munozalbin.com/

    geocities.com



    Last edited by Dr.T; October 1st, 2008 at 11:57 PM.

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    MACBA

    Barcelona Museum of Contemporary Art



    ...white !!! ...



    Richard MAIER


    DESCRIPTION

    ... Some years before the "Bilbao effect", the case of Barcelona's El Raval, an Old City neighborhood, served to see if the usefulness of starchitecture
    (maybe "trade-mark architecture" in the case of Meier) to more or less recuperate, with an 'iconic' building, a decaying, low-class sector that needed a urgent social and urban redefinitions, could work or not. After more than 10 years since the inauguration of the museum, one can say the proposal turned out to be quite adequate and pretty successful -at least in urban an architectural terms-, and while what Jencks calls now 'iconic architecture' is dismissed by most archi-people, the MACBA experience demonstrates its validity in some cases, when its not forced but needed. Unfortunately, the art-world doesn't seem to be as pleased with the museum's exhibition career and its management conflicts.



    ... For tourists -even, I suspect, for most foreign 'seen-it-all architects'- the experience of finding the building through the labyrinthic, old medieval streets is quite a surprise, as Meier's white juggernaut -a sort of a general homage to Le Corbusier's oeuvre, from A (pilotis) to Z (Ronchamp), as with most Meier works- appears pristinely magnificent, with a big, granite-paved square in front to preside over. The building generated lots of controversy at the time it was built but, nowadays, is undeniably a key figure in El Raval, and its mother-UFO-like presence is recognized not only by urbanists and architects, but also visited/used by all kinds of citizens (specially youngsters and skaters who love the square).







    ... In 2006, the building was virtually linked to the gothic church of the Ángels Convent, at the other side of the square and reformed by Clotet & Paricio, which became a new exhibition space for the museum.







    MORE IMAGES about MACBA



























    PHOTOS
    courtesy of


    thomas mayer_a r c h i v e



  6. #51
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    MASSANA SCHOOL and GARDUNYA SQUARE



    new urban definition of the ancient space in El Raval



    CARME PINÓS

    TECHNICAL INFORMATION

    Massana School surface: 10,700 m2
    New residential surface: 6,200 m2
    Gardunya Square surface: 4,500 m2

    DESCRIPTION

    ... The last zone of the Raval neighborhood to be reurbanized and reformed -the last piece of Lluís Clotet's "Del Liceu al Seminari" ("From the Liceu to the Seminari") masterplan that creates a chain of culturally significant spots all along the Raval neighborhood and right into the Eixample- will be the Gardunya Square, just behind the famous Boqueria Market that faces La Rambla.



    ... Right now the square is just a big parking lot for the market's workers and delivery trucks though its urban dimension (it's also the back square of the most appreciated gothic jewel of El Raval: the Santa Creu Hospital, and a crossroads of various smaller streets) goes beyond its function of being a kind of "service" square for the market.



    ... Carme Pinós' project -that has been developed with the active participation of the neighbours, the market's stall managers, etc- takes into account this urban dimension and includes different zones: the square -which will have an underground parking space for the market's users- is divided in two parts, the north one -with trees- will have a new residential block that folds itself to create a smaller square/passage, while the southern one will feature the new building for the Massana Arts School, a singular, metal-cladded structure that will preside over this part of the square (an open, hard paved surface).



    ... The architect Carme Pinos has wanted to form the Square of the Gradunya by means of the clash of two interventions. The apartment house has tried to create small public spaces that are articulated by those who exist already; the school expresses itself towards the square with will of singularity and dynamism. The treatment of the square emphasizes this idea: creating in the area nearest to the housings an area filled with trees and, on the contrary, clearing the space in front of the school and this way it gives him a character of harder square. A line of trees of major dimensions, already out of the limit of the parking, smooths the vision of the side front of the ancient hospital.



    ... The school asks for singularity and with this idea it is covered with stone material or ceramics of big dimensions that is solved in two different solutions: lattice towards the square Gardunya and drafty fronts and blinds of aluminum towards the street Hospital and square of Canonge Colom. The apartment house integrated into the environment, bet by the plaster and the smoothed one with treatment of painting and wooden blinds



    ... The project also includes a new facade for the back side of the Boqueria Market, a series of pergolas reminiscent of that old -already classick- Miralles & Pinós stuff from the late 1980s. Works for the square are due to be finished around 2010, while the Massana School should be ready for 2012. All in all, a quite interesting project, both architecturally and socially, right in the heart of the city.




    PLANNING and TECHNICAL DRAWING






























    MOCK-UPS














    CREDITS

    courtesy of:

    Estudi Carme Pinós
    www. cpinos.com/

    geocities.com

    plataformadearquitectura.cl


    Last edited by Dr.T; October 1st, 2008 at 11:58 PM.

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    COLOM TOWER
    Maritime Office Tower



    Brutalism in El Raval



    Anglada & Gelabert & Ribas

    DESCRIPTION


    ... The building has a very strong aesthetic, with a certain sense of oldest style, which recalls the time when the tower was built, the 70´s, with the current architecture of brutalism style still left to see in architecture. The building presents angular and linear geometries repeated in their facades, consisting of concrete modulated.



    ... Emphasizes the top of the building, rotated the main body, which gets a form similar to a lighthouse or maritime control tower. He also recalls his way to craft moored at the next port, as a large building which notes its presence in the urban environment.




    ... The Building Colon, also known as Maritime Tower, was the first major skyscrapers in the city of Barcelona with 110 meters high. Although at the time was a landmark in height, in the current context the tower has lost prominence in the skyline of the city. But the Columbus Building, located at the end of Las Ramblas, in front of the monument of Columbus, remains the tallest building in their immediate environment, ie in full Old Town Barcelona Ciutat Vella and Raval.

    PICTURES



















    ORTOPHOTO




    CREDITS


    Courtesy of

    factoriaurbana.com
    geocities.com


    Photos by

    DJ-JAVIXXX
    mediterrani



  8. #53
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    CCCB
    Center of Contemporary Culture of Barcelona



    ... MACBA´s back-stage ....



    Martínez Lapeña & Torres


    DESCRIPTION

    ... This building used to be a 13th century Augustine convent. In 1598 the Conciliar Seminary of Montalegre was founded after the Augustine order died out. It was run by the Jesuits. The company of Jesus was expelled from Spain in 1767 and this led to the building being abandoned in 1769. It went on to be used as a barracks in 1773. In 1802 a hospice or almshouse was set up to take in: "vagabonds, beggars, orphans, the feeble-minded, the decrepit, the subnormal, and wayward children". The Casa de Caritat closed in 1957. The buildings, owned by the Barcelona Provincial Council, were put to different use for thirty years, until they were converted into a new cultural complex which brought together the headquarters of the Centre d'Estudis i Recursos Culturals de la Diputació de Barcelona, in the "Pati Manning" (1987), the Centre de Cultura Contemporània de Barcelona (CCCB, 1994), the Museu d'Art Contemporani de Barcelona (1995) and the Universitat Ramon Llull (1996).



    ... This complex is, together with Meier's MACBA, the driving force for the new urban dynamics of the upper part of El Raval, one of the most marginal Old City neighborhoods.




    courtesy of serena_100



    courtesy of serena_100

    ... The former Casa de Caritat comprises a series of buildings, diverse in style, built at different periods and originating from several extension projects. The current CCCB building retains the original structure which consists of three wings set out in a U shape around a large central courtyard (Pati de les Dones or the "Women's Courtyard", so named because it was the area used by the women in the former Casa de Caritat). The northern wing was replaced with a 30-metre-high prismatic form comprising a glass facade which projects over the courtyard. The "Vestibul" is a hall downstairs.




    courtesy of serena_100



    courtesy of serena_100

    ... The CCCB building has a neoclassic facade with a big patio (Pati de les Dones) now closed on one side by the new building designed by Viaplana & Piñón, with a tall glass curtain wall -symetrically cladded with two types of glass of different opacity and reflective qualities- that folds on top to reflect the Mediterranean sea and the exterior city roofs. The building on the corner has a smaller patio (Pati Manning), houses other public institutions and is connected with a modernista church from 1912, which can be accessed from the lateral street as well. Recently, and due to CCCB's urge to acquire more usable surface area, Martínez Lapeña & Torres will rehabilitate a contiguous old theatre to have more space for exhibitions, offices, etc.


    SKETCH





    TECHNICAL DRAWINGS










    ORTOPHOTO



    CREDITS

    Martínez Lapeña - Torres Arquitectes SL
    (jamlet@arquired.es)

    eair.nl

    geocities.com

    webshots.com


    Last edited by Dr.T; October 2nd, 2008 at 12:00 AM.

  9. #54
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    BCN HOTEL
    and
    CATALONIA FILM CENTER




    ... Lamp Hotel ...



    PERE PUIG i RODRÍGUEZ

    DESCRIPTION

    ... Just like Meier's MACBA brought some fresh air in the northern part of El Raval, in the middle section of this same neighborhood there's a plan to do something similar with a whole block facing the Rambla del Raval avenue which will include the new Catalonia Generalitat Film Center, comercial spaces, etc. and one luxury hotel (180 rooms, 10-stories, 38 m).



    ... A new 4 star hotel, houses and parking area are planned for one of El Raval's poorest quarters (the area delimited by the streets of San Rafael, Rambla del Raval, Sant Josep Oriol and Robador). The plan proposes 11,300 m2 of new housing, 9,400m2 of offices, 9,300m2 of hotel and commercial space plus 556 parking places. Between 100 and 140 new houses will be constructed, 25% of which will be for protected tenancies for existing local residents.







    ... One of the main stumbling blocks for the project is the height of 10-storey hotel building -some 38 metres. The objective of the government of Barcelona is to turn the building into one of the most representative (or characteristic) architectural pieces of the district of the Raval like the church of Sant Agustí or the Opera House.


    Bottero´s sculpture: El Raval´s cat (courtesy of Panoramio)


    Bottero´s sculpture: El Raval´s cat (courtesy of Panoramio)


    Bottero´s sculpture: El Raval´s cat (courtesy of Panoramio)


    TECHNICAL DRAWING



    MOCK-UP



    ORTOPHOTO



    CREDITS

    geocities.com
    panoramio
    geographyfieldwork.com


    Last edited by Dr.T; October 2nd, 2008 at 12:01 AM.

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    more about NOU CAMP
    FC BARCELONA STADIUM



    ... more than a Club ...



    NORMAN FOSTER

    DESCRIPTION

    ... In 2007, an international competition for the stadium's reform was launched. Norman Foster won and his proposal will cover the whole place with a net of cables and glass and plastic panels that create a colorful (with the club's -blue and scarlet- and Catalonia's flag -red and yellow- colors), snake-like skin reminiscent of Gaudí's trencadís -that old ceramic breakage technique used by the Modernisme architects-. Foster will also add more seats -it will reach a capacity of 104,000-, new facilities and reform the existing ones. The project is due to be finished by 2012.

    TECHNICAL DRAWINGS





















    MOCK-UP









    RENDERS




















    CREDITS

    fosterandparthners.com

    factoriaurbana.com

    geocities.com



    Last edited by Dr.T; October 2nd, 2008 at 12:03 AM.

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    TEATRE NACIONAL DE CATALUNYA
    Plaça de las Arts. Barcelona



    ... double skin and heart ...



    RICARDO BOFILL

    DESCRIPTION

    ... Teatre Nacional de Catalunya is one of the major cultural landmarks in Barcelona. This, together with the Auditorium designed by Rafael Moneo, responds to the need to decentralize the major cultural facilities to vitalize the outskirts of the city.



    ... The main building has a double skin: the exterior curtain-wall made up of the interior and architectural concrete. Hall, the Grand Chamber and the stage with their plants are covered by a metal roof only two water placed on large three-dimensional metal cerchas and supported by concrete columns. The lobby, transparent interior garden, home to the ticket desk, bar, the wardrobe, access to the Experimental Hall, located on the lower floor. A glass elevator and two escalators leading to the restaurant, from which the light covers the entire hall and the exterior of the building.





    ... The Great Hall, the heart of the theater, is kind of Italian: an orchestra without balconies with very steep slope that offers maximum visibility. The box scene, 40 meters high, allows the sets to move horizontally or vertically, according to the demands of the staging. Two volumes are located on each side of the stage and dressing rooms are home to local technicians, and the volume back of the box arena hosts the offices and rehearsal room.






    ... The difference in treatment of the two chambers again propose the game between classic and modern: while in the Great Hall have been used Greek marble and wood of sycamore, the Chamber Experimental presents a more rustic finishes, and scaffolds mecanotubo bleachers that allow mobile quickly mount any kind of mise en scene. In the second building are the warehouses and workshops in production of sets.






    TECHNICAL DRAWINGS



    CREDITS


    Technical information courtesy of:
    bofill.com

    Photos courtesy of:
    bofill.com
    tnc.es



    Last edited by Dr.T; October 2nd, 2008 at 12:04 AM.

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    L'AUDITORI DE CATALUNYA
    Plaça de l'Arts. Barcelona


    Courtesy of Marina Vilanova

    ... a large building, useful and... rather ugly



    RAFAEL MONEO


    DESCRIPTION

    ... L'Auditori is a modern building of 42,000 square meters designed by the architect Rafael Moneo, opened on March 22, 1999. It lies at the heart of the new center for urban deployment of the Plaza de las Glorias, where the three avenues largest and longest of the city (the Diagonal, the Gran Via and Meridiana), near the old town , Its Eixample, near the National Theater, the knot of Glory, opening to the sea Diagonal, the district @ 22 and the Forum area.












    Courtesy of flickr/ogomogo


    Courtesy of flickr/Tr3na


    Courtesy of flickr/James Clark

    ... The building combines the sober modern external Conference Room 1 Pau Casals for 2,200 spectators, Suite 2, Oriol Martorell, with 600 seats and Hall 3 Tete Montoliu 400 seats. In the central atrium of access has built a monumental cupulino cubic crystal-shaped impluvio, decorated with paintings by Pablo Palazuelo harp. The acoustics of the rooms has been thoroughly studied within the project by the engineer Higini Arau.






    Courtesy of flickr/Vilhem Sjostrom

    ... In the same complex musical, are based College of Music in Catalonia and the Museum of Music. All that makes L'Auditori a focus of the musical life of the city in different areas of outreach, teaching and research.








    TECHNICAL DRAWINGS





    MOCK-UP


    Courtesy of ElPais.com/Javier Hernández


    CREDITS

    Photos and Technical Drawings courtesy of:
    auditori.org
    Taringa.net




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    ANTONI TAPIES FOUNDATION
    255, Aragó Street. Barcelona



    ... a modernist continent for a postmodern content ...



    ANTONI DOMÈNECH i MONTANER





    DESCRIPTION

    ... The Antoni Tapies Foundation was created in 1984 by the artist Antoni Tapies with the aim of promoting the study and knowledge of modern and contemporary art. To that end, the Foundation opened its doors in June 1990 at the headquarters of the former Publisher Simon i Montaner, designed by the modernist architect Lluis Domenech i Montaner, restored and renovated by the architect Josep Lluis Domenech and Amadó Girbau. Built between 1881 and 1885, at an early stage of development of Catalan Modernism, this building was the first of the Eixample integrating the typology and industrial technology, which combines the brick and iron-on fabric from the center urban.



    ... The Antoni Tapies Foundation has a plural and interdisciplinary approach and seeks to establish partnerships between specialists from various areas of knowledge to contribute to a better understanding of art and contemporary culture. That's why combining the organization of temporary exhibitions, symposiums, lectures and film series with the publication of several accompanying activities, and engaged in periodic samples Antoni Tapies. In this regard, the Foundation has one of the most complete sets with works of this artist, made mostly from donations by Antoni Tapies and Teresa.







    ... The Library of the Antoni Tapies Foundation is located in the oldest stock of the Editorial Montaner i Simon, which retains the original shelves. The library specializes in modern and contemporary art. Houses the largest archive of the work of Tapies, as well as connections with the arts and culture, Asian and pre-Columbian and African art and ocean that have been so important in the evolution of the art of the century XX. Other topics such as architecture, design, decorative arts, photography, film or video are also represented. The core given by Antoni Tapies has increased with recent and historical, as well as videos and international journals.









    ... The Antoni Tapies Foundation opened its doors in June 1990 at the headquarters of the former Publisher Simon i Montaner, designed by the modernist architect Lluis Domenech i Montaner, restored and renovated by the architect Josep Lluis Domenech and Amadó Girbau.
    Built between 1881 and 1885, at an early stage of development of Catalan Modernism, this building was the first of the Eixample integrating the typology and industrial technology, which combines the brick and iron, the fabric of the department urban.



    ... The Editorial Montaner i Simon along with the house Vicens of Antoni Gaudí is one of the few remaining examples of a way of building has now been also exemplifies the passing of a very eclectic architecture of the nineteenth century to a new style, the modernism. Lluis Domenech i Montaner and Antoni Gaudí had laid the foundations of architecture that defines two different paths of development: current Gaudí embodied a 'expressionist', while Domenech i Montaner are turning to 'rationalism'.



    ... The 1879 Domenech i Montaner was made to the plans of the Editorial Montaner and Simon. This building brings together many of his concerns about architecture, which is not conceived as an autonomous, but linked to a social and historical context given. In this regard, in 1878 he published in the journal The Renaixensa the article, "In Search of a national architecture," in which, rather than reach definitive conclusions or give specific answers, posed for the first time a whole series of issues around the need for a national architecture, but it was also expression of the concerns of modernity of a new era.



    ... The building of the foundation is "embedded" between the two walls of the houses opposite. To raise its altitude and underlined their new entity, Antoni Tapies created the sculpture that crowns the building, called 'Cloud and Chair' (1990). The sculpture represents a chair that protrudes from a large cloud. The chair, recurring motif in the work of Tapies, refers to a meditative attitude and aesthetic contemplation.





    ... The facade of this building combines classical stylistic influences, visible on the door of the center and the two sides symmetrical bodies, and Muslim, like the use of polished brick, elements of type and composition Mozarabic geometric arabesque.







    ... The headquarters of the Antoni Tapies Foundation was declared a historical monument in 1997.

    TECHNICAL DRAWINGS









    CREDITS

    Technical Drawings courtesy of:
    fundaciotapies.org

    Photos courtesy of:
    fundaciotapies.org/Martín García Pérez
    fundaciotapies.org/Raimón Ramis
    athenaeum.ch




  14. #59
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    COLLSEROLA
    TELECOMMUNICATIONS TOWER
    Vallvidriera - Tibidabo Road, Barcelona.
    Catalonia. Spain



    ... 'the other tower of Barcelona' ....



    NORMAN FOSTER & PARTNERS


    TECHNICAL INFORMATION

    • Location:

    Turó de la Vilana (above sea level): 445 m
    Base of the Tower: 425 m
    • Tower:

    Height from the base: 288 m First platform height : 84 m
    Public observation level: 135 m

    • Distance to visible horizon in kilometres: 70 km
    • Diameter of the shaft : 4.5 m
    • Internal diameter of the shaft: 3 m
    • Gross ground floor area of the building: 7,000 sqm
    • Net usable area of building: 6,500 sqm
    • Maximum design wind speed: 330 km/h
    • Total lenght of antenna: 37 m
    • Number of bradcasting facilities: 25 bf
    • Number of lifts: 2 lifts
    • Name of elevator manufacter: Alimak
    • Lift speed: 36 km/h
    • Lift capacity: 26 p
    • Lift capacity per hour: 250 p/h
    • Cost: USA $ 36 M
    • Weight of the metallic structure: 3,000 T
    • Lower guys:each guy is composed from 180 parallel strand cables (15 mm diameter) with a polyethylene covering.
    • Upper aramide fibre guys:three series of 7 cables in parallel (56 mm diameter).
    • Architect: Sir Norman Foster & Partners
    • Period of construction: 24 months
    • Construction and construction sequence: Cubiertas y Mzov
    • Facultative Direction: CAST.
    • Director: Ramón Pedrerol Jardí (Engineer and Architect)
    • Inauguration date: 27 June 1992




    DESCRIPTION

    ... Construction of Barcelona's new Telecommunications Tower began in February 1990 and it was brought into operation in July 1992 on the occasion of Barcelona hosting the XXV Olympiad.




    ... The promoter of the project and the current owner is Torre de Collserola S.A. (ltd.) whose share holders are Telefonica de España S.A. with 30.40%; Retevision S.A. with 41.75%; Centre de Telecomunicacions i Tecnologies de la Informacio de la Generalitat de Catalunya with 22.85% and the Entidad Metropolitana del Transporte with 5%. It could be said that this is the result of a joint effort between the major radio communication operators of the country and the representation of local Governments.



    ... The tower has a total height of 288 meters and it is located in the Collserola mountain range which runs parallel to the Mediterranean Sea. The location is a place known as Turo de la Vilana and is situated 445 meters above sea level. The construction rises a further 268 meters from this height.



    ... The complex comprises the Tower and an Auxiliary building, which houses services for the installations.The Tower itself consist of three parts: a concrete shaft, just 4.5 meters; a tubular steel mast of 38 meters lenght and, bringing the Tower to its full height, a 45-metres stretch of latticed steel.



    ... Thirteen platforms, with a total floor area of 5,500 meters have been constructed between the 84-metres and the 152-metres points of the Tower. The tenth platform has been designed as a Public Viewing Deck 560 meters above sea level, affording excellent views taking in the city and its environs, the Mediterranean Sea and the Catalan interland up to distances of over 70 kilometres. The viewing deck is reached from inside the mountain by means of an elevator which travels up the outside of the concrete shaft. The elevator is glazed to permit panoramic viewing, and its speed of one meter per second takes the public to the Observatory in under two minutes.




    ... A second lift, similar to the first but without the panoramic views, is designed exclusively for access to maintenance of the telecommunications installations. In the base of the Tower, which is built into the mountain, are housed a reception area and an automatic cafeteria ,designed to make visitor's wait more agreeable.




    SKETCH



    TECHNICAL DRAWINGS
    CONSTRUCTION SEQUENCES




    EXCAVATION OF THE GROUND, CONCRETING OF THE BASE SHOE FOUNDATION ,SLIP FORMED TO A HEIGHT OF 27M.(47)



    FOUNDATION CONCRETING OF AUXILIARY BULIDING INTRODUCTION, PLACEMENT OF TUBULAR AND LATTICE WORK MAST INSIDE THE CONCRETE SHAFT.



    SLIP FORMED TO A HEIGHT OF 70 m. (90)PLACEMENT OF PROVISIONAL RESTRAINING CABLES C-1



    SLIP FORMED TO A HEIGHT OF 160 m. (180).
    CONSTRUCTION OF THE AUXILIARY BUILDING UP TO THE EXPANSION JOINT.
    LEANING CONSTRUCTION AT THE FOOT OF THE CONSTRUCTED METAL PLATFORMS.
    PLACEMENT OF THE PROVISIONAL RESTRAINING CABLES C-2.
    DISMANTLING OF THE FIRST PROVISIONAL RESTRAINING CABLES.C -1.




    SLIP FORMED TO A HEIGHT OF 185m.(205).
    PLACEMENT AND INSTALLATION IN THE TOP OF CONCRETE SHAFT OF A METALLIC PLATFORM (CROWN) TO SUPPORT HIDRAULIC JACKS FOR HOISTING METALLIC BUILDING.
    HOISTING OF THE METAL TUBE AND LATTICE WORK MAST TO THE UPPERMOST EXTREMES OF THE CONCRETE SHAFT USING JACKS PLACED ON THE PEDESTRAL ( CROWN).
    PLACEMENT OF THE PROVISIONAL RESTRAINING CABLES C3.
    CONSTRUCTION OF METAL PLATFORMS FINISHED. CONTINUATION OF AUXILIARY BUILDING FITTING OF THE JACKS ON THE PEDESTRAL FOR HOISTING THE METALLIC STRUCTURE.



    PLACEMENT OF THE METALLIC PARTS INSIDE THE CONCRETE SHAFT TO WHICH THE METAL PLATFORMS 1, 5, 9 AND 13 WILL BE WELDED. PLACEMENT OF THE JACKS AND CABLES FOR HOISTING. VERTICAL HOISTING OF THE METAL STRUCTURE ( FROM THE GROUND TO THE FINAL POSITION) TOTAL WEIGHT HOISTED: 2.800 TONES ( APROX) TOTAL LENGHT HOISTED 77 M.




    METALLIC STRUCTURE WELDING TO THE SPECIAL PARTS INSIDE OF THE CONCRETE SHAFT. PLACEMENT OF THE DEFINITIVE CABLES G-1, G-2 AND G-3.REMOVAL OF THE PROVISIONAL RESTRAINING CABLES.DISMANTLEING OF THE CRANE.HOISTING THE LATTICEWORK TELESCOPE MAST IN THE INTERIOR OF THE STEEL TUBE.COMPLETION OF THE AUXILIAR BUILDING.




    SIMULTANEOUS HOISTING OF THE TUBULAR AND LATTICE WORK MAST. POSITIONING OF THE ANTENNAS. REPLACEMENT OF THE EARTH.


    GALLERY OF IMAGES







    CREDITS

    Technical Information and Description courtesy of
    torredecollserola.com
    great-towers.com

    Technical drawings courtesy of
    torredecollserola.com

    Gallery of images courtesy of
    caiuslacer.blogspot.com

    Photos courtesy of
    factoriaurbana.com/nano
    torrecollserola
    archxx-sudoe.es








  15. #60
    Forum Veteran Dr.T's Avatar
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    BARCELONA & L'HOSPITALET LAW COURTS

    L´Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona.
    Catalunya. Spain




    ... strong response to the surrounding city context ...



    RICHARD ROGERS PARTNERSHIP


    TECHNICAL INFORMATION

    Client: Generalitat de Catalunya
    Structural engineer: Arup
    Co-architect: Alonso Balaguer y Asociados

    DESCRIPTION


    ... Richard Rogers Partnership’s (RRP) law courts complex at l’Hospitalet, a rapidly growing municipality within the Barcelona conurbation, was designed to give the city a striking new landmark that is explicitly a public building, reflecting RRP’s perennial concern for public space. The 264,500 m² development, designed with co-architects Alonso Balaguer y Arquitectos Asociados, is designed to provide accommodation for the judicial bodies of Barcelona and l’Hospitalet de Llobregat, bringing together activities formerly dispersed across 17 separate locations.



    The building accommodates two clearly defined types of spaces: offices (for 15,000 people) and court rooms. Their relationship and the magnitude of the scheme (184 courtrooms) make for a highly complex organisation, with independent circulation systems for public, judges, detainees
    and juries.



    The scheme offers a strong response to the surrounding city context. A series of linked buildings, varying in height from six to 16 storeys, are aligned to the existing street lines. Articulation is dictated by the different urban conditions at the corners of the site. An inner ring of buildings surrounds a large central landscaped amphitheatre, a contained space at the heart of the proposed scheme that offers a newnorth–south pedestrian link between the neighbourhoods of Santa Eulàlia and Pedrosa of l’Hospitalet. By creating a level site as the base for the complex, the scheme allows for a clear delineation of the various functions that it contains. A ‘Law Galleria’ creates the central spine of activity that binds all the buildings together. The court rooms with detainee access are located in the cascading floors of the inner ring under the roof of the landscaped amphitheatre, while nondetainee courts are located in the outer ring facing the surrounding streets. Above the tiers of courts, two parallel blocks of offices enclose the central space with a central atrium allowing natural light to penetrate to the Law Galleria. The amphitheatre provides a dynamic inclined roof enclosure to the inner court tiers with circulation areas around the criminal courts, allowing natural light into the very heart of the building. Landscape and planting define the nature of this central space.

    DRAWINGS





    CREDITS

    Courtesy of
    richardrogers.co.uk
    alonsobalaguer.com




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