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Thread: History New York 20th century

  1. #16

    Angry Manhattan 1900's



    Hi. I have more pictures about the transformation of New York City Skyline trought 20th Century. We are countinue our travel on the city of 1900s.

    1908

    Lower Manhattan looking west from East River over Brooklyn Bridge. July 1908. The new 47-story Ernest Flagg's Singer Building dominate the skyline.


    The 47-story Singer Building (1908-1968). The masterwork of Ernest Flagg and the City Investing Building. July 1908



    The Financial Districk looking south from Post Office. August 1908. The Singer Building and City Investing were on the center of picture. The twin buildings of Hudson Terminal, showing on backgrong, at far right. The buildings mark the future site for the 1960's-1970's WTC.




    The New York Times Building on September 1908.


    Next, the face of Lower Manhattan skyline on october of 1908. The Ernest Flag's Singer Building dominate the panorama.



    1909

    This year New York give a new record of a high on the Metropolitan Life Tower. The 700 foot and 54 story high tower was completed on 1909 and was the annex of the original 11 story Metropolitan Life Building that was build on 1890s. Inspired of the campanile of the Piazza di San Marcos in Venice, Italy, was once the world's tallest building, surpassed the 47 story Singer Building.

    Paul Goldberger, famous architecture critic, says about Metropolitan Life Tower:

    "Then in 1909 came the 700-foot Metropolitan Life Tower, in wich New York's historicist tendencies achieved a new extreme. For here Napoleon Le Brun and Sons produced a virtual replica, on a vastly larger scale, of the Campanile in St. Mark Square in Venice -trought architect Pierre LeBrum tried to deny the Direct connection, telling The New York Times rather disingenuosly, "An architect cannot be said blindly to copy one building from another. He studies every types of building and learns all he can about them. The impressions he recives are bound to appear in his subsequent works, that's all ... (It is) no more than so-called 'unconscious absorption.' " (See: Goldberger, Paul. The Skyscraper. Alfred A. Knopf. New York. 1981. Page 38).

    He added:
    "Whether this convinced the Times is not recorded, through the year before Le Brun's comment, the paper's correspondent upon viewing plans for the unfinished tower, did explain in print that the Metropolitan Tower and the Campanille "might be called twin sisters." But the writer went on the note, "There is a vital difference: Two venetian campaniles might be placed one on top of the other, yet they would not be as high as the Metropolitan Life Tower" (Goldberger. 1981. Pag. 38-39).

    He says the decision to replicate a venetian tower on New York, "was indicative of the extent to wich skyscrapers were being called upon to play symbolic roles. To the Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, the tower confirmed its stability and suggested that the qualites of past cultures had somehow been passed along to it, that the twentieth-century corporation was not merely a guardian of culture, it was possesor of it, controller of it, as its abillity to replicate the tower at a scale larger than the original proved" (Goldberger. 1981. Pag. 39).

    Golberger says the Metropolitan Life Tower was a handsome and efective element on the city skyline. "Like the Flatiron, this tower stood alone, rising narrow and free, its profile an easily identifiable symbol. The huge clock, its face three stories high, enhanced the tower's role as a benign element in the cityscape" (Golberger. 1981. Page 39-40).

    Here a picture of the Metropolitan Life Tower with the original facade's ornaments in may 1909.


    Times Square in July 1909. The 25-story New York Times Tower (that give to Longacre Plaza the name to Times Square) dominate the panorama.



    The Metropolitan Life Tower in November 1909. This picture show the old Madison Square Garden's old mudejar style tower.



    And another picture of the Metropolitan Tower in november 1909, looks the venetian style.




    The Metropolitan Life Tower and Flatiron Building. December 1909



    Yet. I come back for start the 1910s.
    Last edited by erickchristian; September 8th, 2009 at 05:22 PM. Reason: I added more information

  2. #17

    Default

    It's amazing how fast things change in NY (for better or worse). One of the most exciting things about this city is that it will never be finished.

  3. #18

    Default

    My collection. NY in 20th century.
    http://img-samara.fotki.yandex.ru/ge..._d19ca3cb_orig
    Last edited by ZippyTheChimp; July 2nd, 2009 at 09:18 PM. Reason: Image too wide

  4. #19

    Default

    For Maradona-82 about his New York in 20th Century Collection:

    !!!!

    Wow!!. Your picks are very valious. Specially your picture of the Rockefeller Center under construction. This picture show the RCA building rises up this art deco 70 story structure. Please. I invited to colaborate pict more photos and write about one theme about the evolution of New York City throught 20th Century.

    Thank you.
    Last edited by erickchristian; July 2nd, 2009 at 03:12 PM. Reason: Correction

  5. #20

    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by erickchristian View Post
    For Maradona-82 about his New York in 20th Century Collection:

    !!!!

    Wow!!. Your picks are very valious. Specially your picture of the Rockefeller Center under construction. This picture show the RCA building rises up this art deco 70 story structure. Please. I invited to colaborate pict more photos and write about one theme about the evolution of New York City throught 20th Century.

    Thank you.
    I'am sorry. I bad know english so not all were got translate that you have said me. If possible, that write shorter that exactly you want. These photographies I can change on others, with such quality, as beside my photography. And in original permit! Thank you.

    p.s. always ready to co-operate on exchange, but not on sale!

  6. #21

  7. #22

    Smile 15 Dec.,1931. from my collection))


  8. #23

    Default Manhattan 1910's

    Hi!!! I'm back with more of the development of the Skyscraper Capital of the World, New York City, during the 20th Century. Now, we're analyse the development of Manhattan skyscraper and the city on 1910's it's best contribute was the 1916's Zoning Lay that development on the next decades tha famous form of 'wedding cake'. But now start this review on 1910s.

    1910
    Construction activity for the new Grand Central Terminal are on progress. This final rendering, are presented on March 1910. In the next picture the rendering include the terminal and its environs were it show the Park Avenue final design and the Biltmore Hotel, that were complete two years after. This picture were taken from Meredith L. Clausen's book "The Pan Am Building and the shattering of the modernist deram" (2005. Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Page 20).


    .... while, the construction activity were on progress. This picture show the progress on work for the construction of new streets for new Park Avenue. May 1910.



    The tower canyons were more high. This picture show the canyons of Broadway on may 1910. In this picture show the Empire Building and the Singer tower.




    The 30-story Liberty Building, on Liberty and Nassau Streets. June 1910




    Another great addition on the city were the old McKim, Mead & White's Pennsylvania Station were dedicated on 1910. The old station neoclassical style were inspired on the Caracalla's thermal baths on Rome and were the most important railroad terminal on the world, but the most remembered when it's demolished on early 60s. In a few weeks I put a pictures of the Station.

    And I have a picture of the Station. March 1910.


    And its interior based on the Caracalla Baths.


    1911
    The construction activity on Grand Central terminal were on progress. Except in Times Square and the Grand Central Terminal area, the rest of that now knowed of Midtown Manhattan were a luxurius residential zone. In this picture of Madison Avenue and 30th Street taken on june 1911, evidenced the residential caracter of Midtown in these times. This picture show low rises luxury homes on this avenue. The only high-rises office were the 52 story Metropolitan Life Tower and the Sevilla's style McKim Mead & White's Madison Square Garden's tower, at background.



    This 1911 postcard show of Lower Manhattan, were included a photomontage of many buidings in these moment, were under construction or on project phase. There were the renderings of Municipal Building (under construction, completed in 1914), Woolworth Building (on project, construction begun an late 1911 and completed in 1913), and Bankers Trust Building (under construction on these moment).




    Construction activity on Financial District: This picture is the rendering of the Bankers Trust Building. 1911.


    Worker on crane during the construction of Bankers Trust Building. October 1911. The Singer Building show here on background.



    And another picture of the Metropolitan Life Tower on December 1911




    1912

    The Bankers Trust Building
    The next tallest contribution of the Skyline were the Townbridge and Livingston Bankers Trust Buiding on Wall Street. The 40 story skyscraper were build between 1910 and 1912, and considered one of the most examples of the Beaux-Arts style on the city and it's main caracter is the pyramid on the top of the building tahat symbolised on the bank's corporative logo.

    Paul Golberger says about the Bankers Trust Building:

    "A pyramidal top was the theme here, set a over a colonnade of Ionic columns that topped a long shaft of unadorned windows. The relatively simple geometric crown has remained the corporate symbol of the bank, even though its headquarters has since moved elsewere." (Goldberger, Paul. The Skyscraper. Alfred A. Knopf. New York. 1981. Page 41).

    Here a picture of Bankers Trust Building from a office building on Broad Street. 1912



    The new 40-story Bankers Trust Building. May 1912




    The Trinity and US Realty Building, on Broadway, at north of Trinity Church. June 1912.




    While, a picture of the Municipal Building under construction. December 1912



    Are you have some pictures and a commentary about the Bankers Trust Building and it's construction? Show here!!!
    Last edited by erickchristian; September 8th, 2009 at 05:32 PM. Reason: added more information and correct the style

  9. #24

    Default Manhattan 1910's

    1912

    The construction of the Woolworth Building (1911-1913)


    One of the more memorable moments of the history of New York's skyscrapers, and I write an special theme on my blog, "New York 20th Century" is about of the construction of the 60 story Woolworth Building, hat build between 1911 and 1913.

    Designed by Cass Gilbert (1859-1934), the Woolworth construction was very impact on the mind of the old New York skyscrapers lovers 'cause it neogothic style, is of the most important example of the Beaux-Arts architect applied on a skyscraper, and it was the first skyscrapers that topped 60 stories high. It is a one of a most loved skyscrapers for the New Yorkers.

    The Wikipedia says about the conception and construction of Woolworth Building:

    "The Woolworth Building was constructed in neo-Gothic style by architect Cass Gilbert, who was commissioned by Frank Woolworth in 1910 to design the new corporate headquarters on Broadway, between Park Place and Barclay Street in Lower Manhattan, opposite City Hall. Originally planned to be 625 feet (190.5 m) high, in accordance with the area's zoning laws, the building was eventually elevated to 792 feet (241 m)."
    (See "Woolworth Building" from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. See web site: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Woolworth_Building. Review on July 6th, 2009.)

    It realised in Flemish Gothic style in cream-colored 60 story tower were is the result of the need of Frank Woolworth for build a new office building for your commercial trades. Woolworth, the man behind the sucess of the Woolworth's Department Store ,when it sold many products on very low prices, commissioned to Gilbert a new office building that inspired a London's House of Parlament, the building that Woolworth admired on his many trips a England.

    The architect historicist, G. E. Kidder Smith, says about the conception and construction of Woolworth Building:

    "When he (Frank Woolworth) commisioned this monument to Enterprise, he asked Cass Gilbert to design his office building "in Gothic style". (...) the structure reprersents a conquest of sizable technological problems, form never before had a skyscraper soared for a such a wind-exposed heigh (792 feet/241 meters) on non-bedrock foundations (The previous tallest building eas New York's Metropolitan Life Building, 1907 by Nicholas Le Brum. This reached 700 feet/213 meters but wind factorwas less and the subsoil conditions better)" ( Kidder Smith, G. E. The Architecture of the United States. Volume 1 "New England and the Mid-Atlantic States". Anchor Press/Doubleday. Garden City, New York. 1981. Page. 523-524).

    Kidder Smith continue to say about the Woolworth Building's design troubles:

    "Gilbert and his engineers , the Gunvald Aus Company, came up with a brilliantly succesful result: innovative struts and knee bracing for the wind, 110-foot/34 meter-deep caissons filled with concrete, for the foundations.

    Here show two pictures of the construction of Woolworth Building.

    January 1912.




    July 1912.






    For the bloggers: Are you have some picture that illustred the construction of Woolworth Building?? Show here!!
    Last edited by erickchristian; November 27th, 2009 at 05:40 PM. Reason: Correcting the style

  10. #25

    Default Special: The Flatiron Building.

    Hi. In have a special space for talk about the Flatiron Building that build on 1902. In a before space that talk about the previous section, about the city in 1900's i have less information about Flatiron Building, for it I post a special section for this skyscraper, that considered one of the most beautiful.

    It was build for Chicago architect Daniel H. Burnham between 1900 and 1902 on the traingle formed by intersections of Fifth Avenue, Broadway and 22th to 23th Streets at southwest of Madison Square Park, is one of the first New York skyscrapers and a same time, the first big office buildng on Midtown zone. This building calle on ealy years the Fuller Building, because it was the company's headquarters until 1929, when it was move to new building on 57th Street.

    The Flatiron give this name because the intersection of by intersections of Fifth Avenue, Broadway and 22th to 23th Streets shaped a triangle, that I say on previous lines.

    Show here on its construction on 1901.




    The professor of history of architecture for North Carolina State University, Kristen Schaffer, in her book Daniel H. Burnham. Visionary Architect and Planner (Rizzoli. New York. 2003. Page 122) says about the Flatiron:

    "The Flatiron Building, at twenty-one stories ans just over 300 feet tall, was the tallest building outside the downtown business district" (Pag. 122).

    "Unlike the preferred New York building type of tower and supporting block, the Flatiron is struded directly out of the site to spectacular effect. The acute angle of the site, 'a stingy piece of pie' gave the Flatiron a prow-like nose. The site at the edge of Madison Square, at the conjuction of Fifth Avenue and Broadway, allowed the Flatiron to be seen head-on from a distance, a rare situation in New York. Conspicious and detached, the void of streets completely sorround the building. The combination of these conditions give the building the appearance of sailing northward, drawing the attention of artist and photographers" (Schaffer. 2003. Page 122).

    Paul Goldberger (1979) says:
    "The Flatiron's shape crates interestings effects from certain angles. When viewed from certain positions, for example, it appears more as a thick wall, not a volume. But the Flatiron is good enough so that it deserves to be remembered for reasons other that the shape. The facade is a richly detailed tapestry of rusticated limestone, with gently undulatig bays in the midsection that brak the sense of sheer wall, yat still keep in balance with the overall shape of the tower. The French Renaissance detail is ornate, and refects the historicist-and somewhat pompous-leanings of Daniel Burnham, who started as one of Chicago's great modernists and then, after the death of his brilliant partner John Wellborn Root, grew stodgy and conservative. But this is one of Burnham's best, livelier by far than most of his output could ever have hoped to be" (Golberger, Paul. The City Observerd. New York. NewYork. Vintage Books. 1979. Page 97).

    Now a few pics of Flatiron:








    For the bloggers: Are you any picture that illustred the Flatiron Building?? Show here!!
    Last edited by erickchristian; July 7th, 2009 at 06:57 PM. Reason: Added information

  11. #26

    Cool New York City construction!

    Chrysler Bldg construction, 1929


    500-5th ave. Bldg construction. Aug.1, 1930
    Last edited by Maradona-82; July 6th, 2009 at 11:25 PM.

  12. #27

    Smile RCA building under construction.


  13. #28

    Default Manhattan 1910's

    1913. Special Woolworth Building

    Yet, I have for more about the evolution of the New York Special. Today I talk about the Woolworth Building, the new World Tallest Building. We' are in 1913, and this building was completed.

    I write many things about the world famous "Cathedral of Commerce".



    It rose 792 feet high above the street. It was completed in 1913, and it cost $13.5 million dollars in cash, that say the critic Paul Golberger (1981. Page. 42.), and it is considered, until today, one of the most beautiful examples of secular use of the neogothic architecture.

    The Woolworth Building is a gothic, like a european cathedral. This is a reason for it was named "The Cathedral of Commerce": a cult site... for the business.

    Goldberger, in his book The City Observed. New York (1979), says that the Woolworth Building was erected by Frank Woolworth in 1913 "as the headquarters tower for the chain of variety stores; Woolworth wanted a building that would simbolyze both his own commercial for it. The building has never had a mortage, the Woolworth Company is still in it has been kept in splendid physical condition" (Goldberger, 1979. Page. 14).

    He continue:

    "Woolworth is the Mozart of skyscrapers, a lyrical tower that weds Gothic oprnament to exquisite massing and scale. It is typically New York, in its use of history -Gothic details were chosen for their picturesque quality, for the ease with which they could be applied to the basically vertical form of the skyscraper, and not for any deeper association they might have. The slogan "Cathedral of Commerce,", then, made so popular when the buildings was new, was somewhat misleading: Gilbert was after beauty of composition, not religious associations" (Goldberger, 1979. Page. 14).

    In the Woolworth, says the architectural historian, Leland M. Roth, "Gilbert has a tower shaft that rises supporting blocks base, but to maximize the expression of height (and provide associations with other historic tall buildings) Gilbert uses Gothic motifs. The piers and corners of the supporting block and the main tower piers are widened, but, but nowhere are they stopped by horizontals. At the top the Gothic finials and crockets are vastly overscaled so that they read from the street and provide the propper visual termination to the upward movement (See. Roth, Leland M. A Concise History of American Architecture. New York. 1979. Icon Editions. Harper & Row Publishers. Page. 188).

    Here, the Woolworth was recently dedicated. June 1913. It looks like a Gothic Cathedral. This monumental religious reference is the reason that the 60-story building was give the name of "Cathedral of Commerce". It was the tallest of the World until the construction of the Bank of Manhattan and Chrysler Building in 1929-1930. It's design: first, a 27-story U shape base with a 30-story tower on top, in setbacks, was important in the future development, because this building influenced to city authorities to regulate the shape of the future building in a few height, on the 1916 Zoning Law.



    For the bloggers: Are you any picture or opinion that enrichment this special about the Woolworth Building?? Show here!!
    Last edited by erickchristian; July 9th, 2009 at 07:02 PM. Reason: Added more information

  14. #29

    Cool

    Chrysler building under construction, 1930
    Last edited by Maradona-82; July 8th, 2009 at 10:11 PM. Reason: Chrysler building under construction, 1930

  15. #30

    Default Manhattan 1910's

    1913

    Hello friends!!!. I'm back with this count about the evolution of skyline of the city of New York and it's skyscrapers. Now, we continued our count in the city of 1910s, where, I did since it days ago, beginning with the dedication of the Woolworth Building, that with its singular design in stebacks, was an important influence for the regulation of the space in surface of the buildings according to certain height on the future Zoning Law on 1916.

    But, we formally initiated the story of that year, with another event of singular importance in the urban development of that city: The urban inauguration of the Grand Central Terminal and Park Avenue, who, when covering with a concrete way of the ways of the railroad, were giving city one of the most beautiful avenues but never constructed.

    The Grand Central Terminal was completed in 1913 and had been built by New York Central Railroad and designed by the architects firms Warren & Wetmore and Reed & Stern, is considered, until today, one of the most beautiful and great railway stations of the world. And it is not for less. The Beaux-Arts style pronounces in all rooms and lobbies of the station. It's archs, in marble and granite, of the lateral parts, with great large windows, offer one light that emphasizes the monumentality of the terminal, and that are accentuated even more during afternoon, when thousands of users run on the lobby hurried to take the trains that leave the city.

    The Grand Central Terminal was planning to become a minicity where hotels, buildings of offices and restaurants were concentrated. Its presence impulse the development of the spaces that were to both sides of new Park Avenue, who in few years, in the future, will be full of buildings.

    The New York Times , in February 2, 1913 say about the Grand Central Terminal and that retakes the architecture historian, Deborah Nevis, in 1982, in her book, Grand Central Terminal. City within the City:

    "Railway stations posses for a city something of the importance that is possessed for a country by railways themselves. It is by no means and idle of empty boast, therefore, for New York to proclaim that form to-day it will have in use for use for tself and its daily army of visitors what are ebyond question two railway staions (Grand Central Terminal and Pennsylvania Station) in every way superior to any other buildings for their prupose in the world.

    This is a fact creditable alike to the metropolis, which has justified the erection here of structures so enormously expensive, and to the corporations, which have expended their millions in no mean and narrow spirit of hard utilitarianism, but with appreciation of a civic duty to produce architectural monuments of a kind calculate to illustrate and to educate the aesthetic taste of a great Nation".

    A Glory of the Metropolis. Editorial article on The New York Times. February 2, 1913. Text taken from: Nevins, Deborah. Grand Central Terminal. City within the City. New York. The Municipal Art Society of New York. 1983. Page 11.

    Now, a rendering of the Grand Central Terminal

    .


    Lower Manhattan looking north from new 30-story Whitehall Building. April 1913. Woolworth, Singer and bankers Trust Buildings dominated the cityscape.




    Park Avenue in May 1913, few months after the opening of the Terminal Central Grand. In both sides of the avenue we can appreciate the railroad ways that leave the terminal, and where that within few years will be cover with buildings. To the background, to the right it is possible to be appreciated just opened Biltmore Hotel.


    Wall Street in May 1913. In this picture the Trinity Church can be appreciated on background. The 40-story Bankers Trust Building's pyramid dominates the panorama.


    The Woolworth Building were opened. May 1913.



    General view of the Manhattan's Financial District , looking toward the west from the Brooklyn Bridge in June 1913. They emphasize the masses of the Singer Building, to the left, and the Woolworth Building to the right.



    The old Belmont Hotel, in Park Avenue, to the southwest of 42th Street was looking from new Grand Central Terminal. June 1913. It was inaugurated in 1905. Next to the sidewalk, on Park Avenue several parked automobiles can be seen.



    Park Avenue seen towards the north from the Grand Central Terminal's office building, on 45th Street, on June 1913. Many empty spaces abound in both sides of the avenue.

    The Woolworth Building. June 1913.

    If you have some commentary, or some picture that wants to share on the City of New York of 1913? Please show here!!
    Last edited by erickchristian; September 8th, 2009 at 05:35 PM. Reason: to correct the text

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