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  1. #91

    Default

    Do you have pictures of the Daily News Building lobby ?

  2. #92

  3. #93

    Default Manhattan 1930s

    1936

    Hi!!! we're back in this countdown about the history of New York skyscrapers. Now we're in 1936. While America was begun to work again against the Depresion under the New Deal, in Manhattan works on Rockefeller Center was under progress with the construction of thr 33-story Time-Life Building.

    Now a general review of the evolution of the most famous skyline, in 1936. A special mention of the work of Berenice Abbott, who portrait the majestic of Manhattan skyscrapers during the late Deppresion days, and we will showed here.


    The Empire State Building from the Madison Square Park. February 1936. Look the early aerodinamic cars.





    The Rockefeller Center from the Plaza Hotel. March 1936. Show the RCA and International Building.





    The Union Square looking north showing Midtown skyscrapers. April 1936




    Night view of Midtown Manhattan looking south from RCA Building Observation Roof. May 1936. Like a Champagne bottle, the Empire State looks totally iluminated.




    Night view of Garment District area from Empire State Building. June 1936.




    The Crysler Building. June 1936




    The first arrive of the Queen Mary on the New York Harbor. June 1st, 1936. The Financial District in the background.




    The Trinity Church under Wall Street canyons. June 1936




    Times Square looking southeast from Loews State theater office building. June 1936.




    Bowling Greena and Lower Broadway Skyscrapers. July 1936. Photo. Berenice Abbott.




    Lower Manhattan from the East River. July 1936.




    Lower Manhattan looking north from Governors Island. July 1936




    Midtown Manhattan looking northeast from Empire State Building. July 1936. Photo. Manhattan Post Card Company.




    The Metropolitan Life Tower from Flatiron Building. July 1936.




    The RCA Building's Garden of the Nations with real reproduction of the gardens from Japan, Spain, France, and the others. This garden were on the 11 floor of the RCA Building until early 1970s.




    Another ship arrives to New York. September 1936




    Madison Avenue's 42nd Street district area skyscrapers from Park Avenue and 39th Street. October 1936. Photo: Berenice Abbott




    Woolworth Building from Lower East Side. November 1936. Photo: Berenice Abbott




    The Rockefeller Center looking from Fifth Avenue showing the new 33-story Time-Life Building (One Rockefeller Plaza). December 1936. Photo: Berenice Abbott






    Next. The Part 5 of the History of the Rockefeller Center: The construction of first Time-Life Building.

    You opinion are very important. If you have some commentary or you want to show a some picture, show here.
    Last edited by erickchristian; September 25th, 2009 at 06:28 PM.

  4. #94

    Default Manhattan 1930s

    The Daily News Looby

    Hi, ablarc:

    This is for you.



    The lobby of the Daily News Building when the building was opened, in 1930. This the only picture that I have of the Daily News Building's lobby from my collection, that I post in my page of Flickr. Enjoy it

  5. #95

    Default Manhattan 1930s

    1936-1937 Special: The Rockefeller Center. Part 5. Time & Life Building (One Rockefeller Plaza).


    Hi!!. We're back on this trip around the history of New York skyscrapers trought 20th Century. Now continue our trip around the history of the Rockefeller Center, with this Part 5, were I will talk about 33-story Rockefeller Center Plaza, when between 1937 until late 1959 were knowled as the Time & Life Building, the second headquarters of the media emporium Time & Life (now Time inc), home of magazines as Time, Life, Fortune, Sport Illustrated, and the others.

    Henry Luce and Briton Haden founded Time magazine, that its first issue was appear on March 3 1923 and was a instant succeful in the politic magazine market. When Life Magazine was born, in 1936, Time and Fortune magazined was the most famous and influential politic and financial magazines in America and arround the world.

    In November 23, 1936, Life Magazine was born and was quickly positioned as the most famous picture magazine on the world. In this time Time & Life acording with Rockefeller to occupy the new 33-story One Rockefeller Plaza Building, that was under construction, on the south of Center's Lower Plaza. In this time until the new building were under completed, Time & Life's offices were on the Chrysler Building.




    With 33 stories, the old Time & Life Building were the last tall skyscraper of the Rockefeller Center's first stage. Designed and build by architect Wallace K. Harrison, it is the first building of the complex that show without setbacks, broken the line that follow the first Center's buildings like the RCA, RKO, International and embassy buildings. It, continued in Art Deco Style, but it show modern, without additional ornaments.

    Robert A. Stern says:

    "In 1936 Time & Life agreed to occupy the tower north of the plaza; it opened in April of the following year. The building changed very little from studies thatb were made in 1931. It was pushed back from the hot line at ground level and thus was able to rise thirty-three stories without setbacks. The only modeling ocurred at the top, where the long sides set back at the top two floors, a gesture that accentuated the axis of the slab and its spatial counterpoint with the International Building. Harrison admired the geometrical purity of the building, and Todd was happy to dispense with the expense of setbacks. Had Hood lived, the building might well have received a final layer of articulation, as the RCA slab had" (Stern, Robert A. M., Gilmartin, Gregory, Mellins, Thomas. New York 1930. Architecture and Urbanism Between the Two World Wars. New York. Rizzoli. 1987. Page 666).

    The Time-Life Building under construction from Fifth Avenue. December, 1936. Photo: Berenice Abbott



    .

    Stern (1987) continue:

    "The main lobby of Time & Life linked entrances from Forty-eight and Forty-ninth streets and from the centers' private street. A long, narrow space two-and-a-half stories tall, it boed egntly on one side to indicate the presence of massed elevator banks. WIth its muted display cases, bare plaster walls, and circular light coves, the lobby was described as "Rockefeller Center's best examble to date of how much can be achieved by the simple expedient of leaving almost everything out" (Stern. 1987. Page 666).

    The Time & LIfe Building when it was almost completed. January 1937. Photo: Berenice Abbott.




    Here is the Rockefeller Center, almost complete, from the air. August 1937.




    Next, a general review of Manhattan Towers in 1937. You opinion are very important. If you have some commentary or you want to show a some picture, show here.

    You opinion are very important. If you have some commentary or you want to show a some picture, show here. September 21st, 2009 04:21 AMMerry

    http://dev.curiousexpeditions.org/



    September 20th, 2009 05:40 PMablarcDo you have pictures of the Daily News Building lobby ? September 20th, 2009 04:54 PMerickchristianManhattan 1930s
    1935

    Hi!! We're back on this countdown throught the history of New York Skyscrapers. The Skyscraper Capital of the World. Now we're in 1935. When the 41-story Rockefeller Center's Internbational Building were complet, Manhattan were complete the skyline that dominate in the next 20 or 25 years.

    Now, we're look a general review of New York's skyline in 1935, on this photographic trip.

    The Grand Central Termninal, now surrounding by tall building. 1935




    New addition for the Civic Center in 1935 was the 35-story Cass Gilbert's last skyscraper: the United States Courthouse Building. Here under construction on April, 1935. Photo Ewing Galloway.




    The Rockefeller Centre looking west from 444 Madison Avenue Building, showing the 70-story RCA Building and the new 41-story International Building. May 1935




    Another skyscraper for the Financial District: 99 John Street Building (Shreve, Lamb & Harmon). June 1935.




    Lower Manhattan's Financial District skyscrapers from St. George Hotel, on Brooklyn. June 1935. Photo: Samuel Gottscho.




    The Empire State Building. June 1935




    Midtown Manhattan looking southeast from the RCA Building, showing Chrysler, Chanin, Lincolnj, 500 Fifth Avenue and Empire State Buildings. July 1935.




    Midtown Manhattan looking north from RCA Building, showing Central Park and 59th Street's skyscraper hotels. July 1935.




    Midtown Manhattan looking north from Empire State Building. July 1935. Here show the Rockefeller Center with its new 41-story International Building. Photo: Foto Seal. (Compare with the 1933 Gottscho's picture showed few pic above. See 1933).




    Midtown Manhattan looking Northeast from Empire State Building. July 1935. Photo: Foto Seal.




    Fifth Avenue skyscraper hotel from Central Park. July 1935.




    The Rockefeller Center from the Fifth Avenue. July 1935





    Aerial view of the Rockefeller Center looking north, showing RCA and International Buildings. August 1935.




    The Daily News Building from the Chanin Building. November 1935. Photo: Berenice Abbott.




    Next. A general review of 1936.

    Your opinion are very important. Please, if you have some commentary or you contruibuite to enriched this forum with a some picture, please:

    ¡Show here, in this forum!!!

    Thank You
    September 17th, 2009 06:55 PMerickchristianManhattan 1930s
    1934-1935 Special. The Rockefeller Center. Part 4. The Lower Plaza and International Building.

    Hi!!! We're back on this trip around the history of the World's most famous skyline. Now, in this week, we are continue to talk about the history of the Rockefeller Center with this Part 4, were we will talking about the Lower Plaza, with its Paul Manship's master piece, Prometeus, and the 41-story International Building.




    The Lower Plaza




    The Lower Plaza is the center of the full activity on the Rockefeller Center and New York City. During the summer, New Yorkers enjoy cool beverages under the umbrellas on the sunken garden's restaurant, and skating in its ice skate rink on the winter, under the golden Center's guardian: Paul Manship's sculpture, Prometheus, who give the stolen fire to mankind.

    The Lower Plaza. Late 1933.



    Robert A. Stern (1987) says:

    "Between the British Empire Building and La Maison Française were the Channel Gardens, a series of small pools and paintings decorated with a graceful bronze tritons and nereids sculpted by Renè Chambellan. The gardens sloped gently, inexorably leading shoppers down a half-level to a promenade overlooking the sunken plaza. A grand flight of stairs originally spilled into the plaza. Along its western wall, beneath the towering RCA Building, Paul Manship's gaudily gilded statue, Prometheus, was flanked by entrances to an underground shopping concourse that extended all the way to Sixth Avenue, where the El was scheduled to be replaced by a new subway line" (Stern, Robert A. M., Gilmartin, Gregory, Mellins, Thomas. New York 1930. Architecture and Urbanism Between the Two World Wars. New York. Rizzoli. 1987. Page 650).

    The Lower Plaza. 1940's




    Prometheo
    In the center of the plaza, under the west wall toward RCA Building, lies, the Paul Manship, golden statue Prometheus, who give the stolen fire to mankind.

    Donald Martin Reynolds (1984) says about the sculpture:

    "An enormous fountain at the baisin of the lower plaza against the west wall is surmounted by a bronze-gilded flying figure of Prometheus, whose mission is described in a quotation from Aeschylus's Prometheus Bound on the Balmoral granite wall behind Prometheus. Eighteen feet high, weighing eight tons, the figure by sculptor Paul Manship was unveiled in 1934. Surrounded by a ring bearing the signs of the Zodiac, representing the Cosmos, Prometheus delivers the stolen fire to mankind. the earth below is symbolized by the gigantic convex base that supports the sculpture. Prometheus was originally flanked by two smaller figures, a male and a female, symbolizing the people of the earth, but these have benn pressed into service on the roof garden of the Palazzo d'Italia" (Reynolds, Donald Martin. The architecture of New York City. History and views of important structures, sites and symbols. New York. Macmillan Publishing company. 1984. Page. 259).





    The Prometheus mith

    Jornalist and magazine editor, Joseph Lederer (1975), says about Prometheus:

    "Daring to disobey Zeus, the father of gods, who withheld fire from mortals -for it would give too much power to mankind- Prometheus stole fire from heaven and brought it to earth in a hollow tube (seen here in the figure's right hand). As punishment, Prometheus was chained to a pillar. An eagle, dispatched by Zeus, consume his liver every day; each night it was restored again. What was to have been perpetual torture continued until Heracles (Hercules) ultimately killed the eagle" (Lederer, Joseph. Bondarin, Arley. All Around the Town. A Walking Guide to Outdoor Sculpture in New York City. New York. Charles Scribner's Sons. 1975. Pages 96-97).


    The International Building



    The 41-story International Building -that construction started on late 1933 and completed in May, 1935- was the Center's second tallest skyscraper, until the construction of Time-Life Building in the late 50's. It's designed is less ornamental than the RCA Building and other buildings, but the two seven-story Fifth Avenue's blocks were similar, in design, like the British Empire and La Maison Françoise buildings. The reasson: the designed were considered by the architects to give a view of St. Patricks Cathedral, opposite of building, from other building and the plaza.

    Aerial view of Rockefeller Center with the most recenter addition: 41-story International Building, near Fifth Avenue between 50th to 51st Streets. August, 1935.




    Robert A. Stern. says about the International Building:

    "In 1934 the real estate community was starled when construction began on the on the thirty-eight-story International Building one block north of the British and French buildings. 'one of few places in the city where the hammering of riveters may be heard.' (Only one other tall building was in construction at the time, Cass Gilbert's United States Courthouse on Foley Square.) When completed in May 1935 the International Building was greeted somewhat wearily by the Architectural Forum as 'the addition of 827,149 square feet of office space to the fourteen-odd million still available on Manhattan Island.' The building completed the Center's Fifth Avenue frontage, taking the critical site opposite St. Patrick's Cathedral" (Stern. 1987. Page 665)

    In design, the International Building were influence, like the RCA in the setback design of the Raymond Hood's Daily News Building, but the International were diferent than RCA. Between 1931 and 1933, the Associated Architects (Raymond Hood, Wallace K. Harrison, and others) were modified the schemes of the Center. Originally the International Building were disegned like a massive weddingf-cake skyscraper. Latter it's design were modified and in 1932-33 it was appear like a big version of RKO Building.

    Original model of Radio City with proposal RCA and International Buildings. March 1931.





    Proposed RCA and International Buildings. Late 1931



    Aerial view of Midtown Manhattan with a phomontage of proposal Rockefeller Center: Early 1932.



    Stern says:

    "An early scheme for the site had called for a department store surmonted by a slendered, forty-five-story tower; later plans showed nine-story wings flanking a much shorter tower. The final design, with its courtyard, duplicated the four-story pavillions of the British and French buildings, thus echoing the relationships of the Channel Gardens to the RCA Building, keeping a uniform rhythm of four low masses along the avenue, and providing a forecourt to St. Patricks Cathedral across the street. The change was Hood's idea, his last contribution to Rockefeller Center before illness forced him to withdraw from the project" (Stern. Page 565).



    Finally, in 1933, the International Building's design were used the massive monolith form, that mean the influence of International Style Modernism on the Center designed, were applied on the future buildings that would to be to built. The International Building was the Raymond Hood's last contribution for Rockefeller Center, because he died of pancreas' cancer in 1934.

    The RCA and International Buildings. May 1935


    Stern (1987) continue:

    "Compared with the RCA Building, the tower of the International Building was only modestly tall and boasted 'but small quantities of the Art which kicked up such a ruckus during the earlier stages of the development.' It was also more explicitly Modernist. Its revealless facades and detail-free columns and piers were complemented by the severe machine-like precision of the interior details. The four-story-high, marble-lined, cooper-ceilingeg lobby was dominated by a pair of the 'shiniest, swankiest escalators in the city', a far cry from the grandiose murals of the RCA Building or the elaborate staircases of the Music Hall and Center Theatre. The escalators led to a mezzanine level that was intended for exhibitions but seems never to have functioned as such; they were ironic symbols of an efficient Machine Age. The columns that flanked them were more subtle images of machine perfection, echoing the shape of the steel l-beams inside (which of course required a fireproof cladding). The flanges were sheathed in dark green marble, the webs in white marble; the contrast helped avoid any sense of tradition gravitas" (Stern. 1987. Pages 665-666).

    The St. Patrick's Cathedral and International Building. 1940's




    The International Building and RCA Buildings from Plaza Hotel. 1936.




    The Rockefeller Center came to Modernism.

    "The completion of the International Building marked a new phase in Rockefeller Center's development. The center renewed its contract with the Associated Architects, but Wallace K. Harrison now separate from Corbett & MacMurray, its former partners, and joined with the engineer J. Andrè Fouilhoux. With Hood's death, Harrison came to have an increasingly dominant role in the center's design, in part because of his friendship with Nelson Rockefeller. Harrison gradually pushed the subsequently erected buildings toward Modernism; while he was restrained by the need to retain the vertical pier and repressed spandrel system of the RCA Building's facades, these later buildings are caracterized by a geometrical clarity and a thinness of detailing that accentuate their volume rather than mass" (Stern. 1987. Page 666). The International Building were a first building in the Center that were influenced with the functionalism of Modern movement.



    Atlas in the International Building.

    In the middle of International Building's wings, on Fifth Avenue, lies the Lee Lawrie's sculpture Atlas, who support the world with his shoulders, that unveiled in this site in 1936. This scupture, with the Paul Manship's Prometheo, that lies on the Lower Plaza's fountain, symbolized the most powerful expresion of Art Deco's sculpture and link the Greek mithology's goods with the power of the Machine Age, symbolized with the Rockefeller Center's skyscrapers.

    Lederer (1975) says about the Atlas

    "Like his brother, Prometheus, Atlas incurred the wrath of Zeus. For invading the heavens while aiding the Titans (the children of Heaven and Earth) in their struggle against the Olympian gods, Atlas was condemned to carry the heavens or the pillars or wich they rested. Such was a punishment according to Greek mithology. In sculpture, however, Atlas is traditionally represented bearing the earth on his hands and shoulders" (Lederer. 1975. Page 98).

    He continue:

    "The colossal bronze statue of Atlas -supporting an armillary globe with the signs of zodiac- is the work of Lee Lawrie (1877-1963), who was brought from Germany to the United States as an infant" (Lederer. 1975. page 98). He added: "As for this Atlas of the mid 1930s, whatever one may think of it as art, there is no denying its effectiveness in relating architecturally to the objects and space around it: one example -the counterpoise of the great globe to the rose window of St. Patrick's Cathedral directly across Fifth Avenue (Lederer. 1975. Page 98. Extract).







    RCA Building Observation Roof.

    Since the RCA Building was open, in 1933, its 70 floor Observation Roof is a second in importance, behind the Empire State Building's Observation roofs, but is most memmorable because give a perfect angle to vews many of the most important skyscrapers of Manhattan, included the Empire State.

    In a 65 floor of RCA Building, were the place of the Rainbow Room, a luxury restaurant a dance hall that were very famous in all the world. Decorated, with Art Deco's glass panels from floor to ceiling, the Rainbow Room were very memmorable as romantic scene, specially on the night, when the lights of Midtown's skyscrapers were look glitter, like stardust. This exclusive restaurant, above the skyscrapers of Midtown Manhattan were operated until it was closed in early 2000s. Now is a exhibition room of the new "Top of the Rock" new building's Observation Roof.

    Here is a many of the first views from the top of RCA Building.

    Midtown Manhattan looking southwest: Chrysler, Graybar, Chanin, Lincoln, 500 Fifth Avenue and Empire State Buildings.



    Midtown and Upper Manhattan, looking north: The Plaza Hotel, the Barbizon and St. Moritz Hotel and Essex House, fews on the 59th Street. Pierre, Sherry Netherland and Savoy Plaza Hotels and Squibb and Fuller Buildings. Central Park dominating the scene.




    Midtown Manhattan looking southwest. Times Tower, Paramount and McGraw-Hill Buildings. Garment District and Times Square.



    Night view of Midtown Manhattan looking south.



    Next week, a general view of the evolution of New York's skyscrapers in 1935. If you have some commentary or you give a some picture about the Rockefeller Center, please, can you show it in this blog.

    Your oppinion and contribution are many important to support this blog.

    Thank You!!! September 13th, 2009 03:25 PMMaradona-82WaW!!!
    Erickchristian, Your Work - at Beautiful!!!
    September 11th, 2009 06:54 PMerickchristian
    SPECIAL

    9-11

    World Trade Center

    Memorial.

    (4-4-73-9-11-01)

    I like to remember the WTC Twin Towers when it dominated Manhattan Island, not when it was destroyed.

    I have a little memorial that I dedicate for these beautiful skyscrapers and the people and firefighters who died it.

    World Trade Center.

    1970s


















































    will never forgett it.

    September 11th, 2009 06:07 PMerickchristianManhattan 1930s
    1934


    Hi!! We're back again on this trip around the history of New York's Skyscrapers trought the 20th Century. Now we're in 1934, and construction works on the Rockefeller Center were on progress with the construction of 41-story International Building.

    But, just before of review on the next chappel of the history of Rockefeller Center, now we review a general view of Manhattan Skyline on 1934.

    A first pict was taken from RCA Building. Night view of Midtown Manhattan looking southeast from RCA Building. March 1934. Photo: Samuel Gottscho. The original picture I was scanned in two parts because my scanner is a fold size. Part 1 of 2. Chrysler Building, Chanin Building and Grand Central Area




    Part 2 of 2. Fifth Avenue, 500 Fifth Avenue Building and Empire State Building. Photo. Samuel Gottscho.




    The complete picture scanned from another book, but a less resolution.



    An typical American house for a exposition on Park Avenue. Behind, the Lefcourt Colonial and Lincoln Buildings. April 1934.




    Art Deco jewel. The 48-story Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, from Du Mont Building. June 1934.





    Daily News' airplane flying over Midtown Manhattan. c. June 1934. Photo: The Daily News. Picture from Daily News's book: New York Exposed. Photographs from the Daily News.




    Lower Manhattan's Financial District skyscrapers looking from Brooklyn Bridge. June 1934.





    The Bryant Park and the skyscrapers surrounding it. July, 1934.




    Chrysler, News, Chanin and Lincoln Buildings from 500 Fifth Avenue Tower. July 1934.




    Lower Manhattan and Brooklyn Bridge. August 1934. Picture. Samuel Gottscho.




    Passanger shipo leaving Lower Manhattan. November 1934.




    Next week the Part 4 of the Rockefeller Center's Special, dedicated to International Building. If you have some commentary about this blog show here.
    September 11th, 2009 04:26 PMerickchristianQuote:
    Originally Posted by lofter1
    Fantastic stuff. The Els are not missed. But the re-institution of street trolleys is an attractive idea.


    Sure. It would solved the traffic problems in some zones of Manhattan. In Times Square, por example, whold be a great idea to be recovery the old trolleys like a tourist attractive. September 8th, 2009 06:16 PMlofter1Fantastic stuff. The Els are not missed. But the re-institution of street trolleys is an attractive idea. September 8th, 2009 05:01 PMerickchristianManhattan 1930s
    1933

    Hello! We're back in this trip through the history of the skyscrapers of New York. Now we are in 1933.


    The 1920's-1930's Building Boom is over. Rockefeller Center on progress.

    1933 was the worse year of the Depression and the construction industry were very affected by the low office demand. In New York, the construction of buildings were almost paralyzed, because the demand of offices is handicapped and many owners and developters weren't had money for new skyscrapers. Two years after open its doors, the Empire State Building almost was empty, and only 25% of their offices had been rented. Only a great project of construction was inprogress and that was the Rockefeller Center. 7 buildings had been completed in 1933. This is the RCA Building and RCA Building West, RKO Building, Radio City Music Hall, The Center Theather and the British Empire Building and La Maison Française. The construction of the Plaza were on progress and the works for the construction of International Building were begun.

    Yet, I show a general panorama of the evolution of Manhattan skyline and it's skyscrapers on 1933.

    The luxurious Fifth Avenue's Grand Army Plaza Hotel skyscrapers looking from the Central Park's Pond. January 1933. Showing the Pierre, Sherry Netherland and Savoy-Plaza Hotels and Squibb Building. Photo: Samuel Gottscho.




    The 42nd Street's skyscrapers from Tudor City showing the Chrysler Building. March 1933. Photo: Samuel Gottscho




    The RCA Building nearby completed. March 1933



    The RCA Building and the excavations for the Plaza. March 1933




    Midtown Manhattan looking northeast from Empire State Building. March 1933. Photo: Samuel Gottscho





    Night view of 42nd Street and Chrysler Building from Tudor City. March 1933. Photo: Samuel Gottscho




    Night view of Fifth Avenue skyscrapers from Central Park. March 1933. Photo: Samuel Gottscho.




    Demolition works of the buildings in the International Building site on Rockefeller Center looking from Radio City Music Hall roof. March 1933




    The RCA Building. April 1933. Photo: Samuel Gottscho.





    Aerial view of Lower Manhattan looking southwest from East River showing Brooklyn Bridge. May 1933.




    Fifth Avenue skyscrapers from Central Park's Pond. May 1933. Photo: Samuel Gottscho




    Night view of Lower Manhattan and Brooklyn Bridge. May 1933




    The 1879 St. Patricks Cathedral on Fifth Avenue, surrounding of skyscrapers. View from International Building site. May 1933



    Downtown Skyport. A little airport on the East River for Wall Street's executuve men. Lower Manhattan's skyscrapers showing on the background. June 1933




    Columbus Circle. June 1933




    Lower Manhattan skyline looking north from Governors Island's fort. June 1933.




    Traffic on Herald Square. June 1933.




    The McGraw-Hill Building. June 1933




    The Daily News Building. June 1933





    The Empire State Building from Madison Square Park. June 1933




    St. Patricks Cathedral. June 1933




    Columbus Circle and Central Park South looking east. July 1933





    Aerial view of Manhattan Island looking north showing it's new look. July 1933 (Compare with the 1927 National Geographic's picture that I showed in the page 4 of this post). Photo: Fairchild Aerial Surveys.




    Lower Manhattan looking southwest from East River. July 1933. Photo: Samuel Gottscho.




    Midtown Manhattan's new look looking southwest from Queensboro Bridge. July 1933.




    Aerial view of Midtown Manhattan looking south showing Rockefeller Center's urban impact. July 1933.




    Midtown Manhattan looking north from Empire State Building showing new RKO and RCA Buildings. July 1933 (Compare with a 1931 picture of Midtown Manhattan looking north from Empire State, that I show on Page 5). Photo: Samuel Gottscho.




    The City Investing Building (Now AIG Building) from Downtown Skyport. July 1933. Photo. Samuel Gottscho




    The RCA Building and embassy buildings. July 1933




    The RCA Building on August 1933




    Aerial view of Rockefeller Center looking south. August, 1933.




    The Rockefeller Center looking west from 444 Madison Avenue Building. September 1933




    Fifth Avenue looking south from 63rd Street. October 1933




    The Rockefeller Center from 6th Avenue's 'EL'. October 1933. Rockefeller Center was a powerfull influence in the demolition of 6th Avenue EL in 1939 and the post World War II 6th Avenue's urban renewal.




    In the autum of 1933 the Rockefeller Center's Lower Plaza were completed.




    Yet, in the Christmas of 1933, the excavation works for International Building were on progress. Under the snow.




    Next week, a general view of 1934. If do you want to post any picture or have some commentary, please. Show Here!!!!! September 4th, 2009 04:26 PMerickchristianManhattan 1930s
    1932-1933 Special. The Rockefeller Center (1931-1940). Part 3. The RCA Building and the Embassy Buildings .
    Hello! We're here again on this trip on the history of New York's slyscraper. Now we're on 1933, and before beginning the year, we continued with the third part of the special one of the Rockefeller Center. Now we will see the conception and construcciòn of the RCA Building, and the British Empire, and the Maison Française buildings.

    The 70-story, 850 feet (259 meters) RCA Building is the Center's tallest building and one of New York's tallest skyscrapers. It was build by Raymond Hood and Wallace K. Harrison. Hood were inspired on his Daily News Building for the RCA Design, buy that say Donald Martin Reynolds, also were influenced on the majestic of the Empire State Building.

    The RCA Building were included on the 1930-1932 Rockefeller Center's first phase included "the British Empire Building, La Maison Fraçaise, the plaza and Radio City-the later comprised the RCA and RKO Buildings, the International Music Hall, and the Center Theatre" (Stern, Robert A. M., Gilmartin, Gregory, Mellins, Thomas. New York 1930. Architecture and Urbanism Between the Two World Wars. New York. Rizzoli. 1987. Page 646).

    During the Center's preliminary designs, in 1931, Hood were experimented many facades proposalas for RCA Building.




    Finally, Hood and Harrison were inspired on the News Building for the disgn of the facades, and in autum 1931, the final designed for the RCA Building were unveiled.




    A plastic model of the RCA Building. December 1931.



    The RCA Building final design consist in two separate entities:

    "A seventy-story slab sat on the eastern half of the lot, flanked by a two-story plinth of shops that stapped up gradually to a nine-story mass behind the office building, where the windowless NBC studios filled on the deep midblock loft spaces. The building stepped up again on the western end on the site, on Sixth Avenue, to form the sixteen-story RCA Building West. At ground level, the three buildings were linked by a generous double-height public lobby that filled the void between the cores of the RCA tower and the NBC studios, and outer layer of shops that enjoyed acces from the lobby and the streets" (Stern. 1987. Page 650).

    Excavation for the RCA Building begun on autum 1931, and the first steel gilders were on the site on early 1932.

    Excavation for the RCA Building. Late 1931.




    The RCA Building under construction on March 1932. First stories was build. Photo: Samuel Gottscho.




    The RCA Building's construction progress on June, 1932.




    Construction progress for the RCA Building and Lower Plaza as seen from 444 Madison Avenue Building on September, 1932. Here show the Center Theatre, at left and the RKO Building, at right, were completed. next the RKO BUilding, Radio City Music Hall were nearby completion. Photo courtesy of Maradona-82





    Like the Empire State Building, the pictures of the workers during the construction of RCA Building giving romanticism of the construction scene. There is a pictures of the RCA Building's construction workers on action. Autum 1932.




    On the gilder. Autum 1932




    Workers on the British Empire Building's steelframe when it was topped out. Autum 1932.




    The 70-story RCA Building topped out on December 1932. It was appeare here in Early 1933, nearby completion with the Maison Française Building under construction on foreground.



    From the Plaza. Early 1933




    The RCA Building on April, 1933



    Another picture of RCA Building from Du-Pont Building. April 1933. Photo courtesy of Maradona-82




    The RCA Building between the Britsh Empire Building and La Maison Française Building. July 1933



    The first phase of Rockefeller Center were completed: Radio City and Embassy buildings. View of Midtown Manhattan looking south showing the urban impact of the Center's finished buildings on the Midtown skyline. July 1933




    The RCA Building were completed. August 1933.





    The RCA Building, limestone cladding, as Donald Martin Reynolds says, " (...) is textured in a shot-saw pattern, that is a weft of thin and irregular linear indentations across the surface of the stone. The architects achieved additional variety in the stone-work by lying up the individual limestone blocks irregularity so, that ocassionally, the strations of the shot-saw pattrern meet at right angles. A panel of darkner Deer Island granite runs arround the building from sidewalk up about four feet and makes a visually pleasing transition from the pavement to the limestone slab" (Reynolds, Donald Martin. The Architecture of New York City. New York. Macmillan Publishing Company. 1984. Page 257).

    Reynolds continue:

    The west face of the tower rises sheer from the NBC Studios, which needed broad open spaces incompatible with a forest of closely spaced vertical supports that tall buildings require. therefore, the low-rise NBC Studios, which could also do without natural light while the tall buildings could not, were logically placed between the tall east tower and RCA West" (Reynolds. 1984. Page 257).

    He continue:

    "The studios were designed to accommodate the radio needs of the 1930s and to anticipate the radio and television needs of the future. In addition to four of the most modern broadcast studios serviced by a central control room, there were two- and three-story spaces for stage plays, large studio audiences, and exhibitions. these were equipped with ramps, stairs, balconies, and elevators. The studios are still use today (1984), using updated equipment" (Reynolds. 1984. Page 257).

    The great mass of RCA Building rises over the center of Midtown Manhattan. Aerial view of the skyscraper showin the Lower Plaza under construction and the site for International Building. August 1933.




    The urban impact of the mass of RCA Building on Manhattan landscaper were giant. The Rockefeller Center looking west from 444 Madison Avenue Building. Sepetmber 1933




    In the autum of 1933, the Lower Plaza were completed. The Paul Manship's sculpture "Prometeo" were on its site on the Plaza's fountain in 1934.




    Lenin on the heart of capitalism: The Diego Rivera's mural incident.

    Is very knowled in New York City the participation of the mexican muralist Diego Rivera on the history of Rockefeller Center, because hewas a principal protagonist of a peculiar incident, cause for his political ideology.

    Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo in the RCA Building's lobby. Winter 1933.



    In 1932, while RCA Building was under construction, John D. Rockefeller, Jr. contracted the services of the Mexican painter, Diego Rivera,the Mexico's greates mural paintes who since early 1920's painted many murals in his country after the end of 1910's Mexican Revolution, many of this on Mexico City's goverment offices buildings.

    Rivera painted the mural “Man on the Crossroad”, where it evoked the profits of the human progress through the industry and science, in the main lobby of the new skyscraper, always accompanied by his wife, the painter Frida Kahlo. When the mural was almost completed, on early 1933, Rivera caused controversy on the New York's society cause to a simple detail: Lenin in the heart of Capitalism the International.

    Diego Rivera was a full-active communist and he was one of the precursors of the Mexico's socialist movement. He participated in demostrations fo the fights of the working class and was admiring of Lenin and Trotsky. In 1937 he and Kahlo, gave the welcome, to Trotsky when the Russian revolutionist was arrive in Mexico to escape for the persecution that he was object by the dictator Jose Stalin.

    In the mural that realised for RCA Building, Rivera painted Lenin representing the fight for the dignification of the working-class, which brought about the anger of John D. Rockefeller Jr, who fired Rivera and ordered to mural were removed. Finally Rivera was replaced by the Spanish painter Jose Maria Sert who painted a mural evoking to the progress, putting to Abraham Lincoln and the same building RCA as fundamental elements of the work.

    Robert Stern says about Rivera's incident:

    "Nelson Rockefeller wrote to Rivera, pointing out that the portrait of Lenin whould offend 'a great many people'. Rivera refused to deleite the portrait, but suggested that he could replace the nightclub scene with a portrait of Lincoln surrounded by abolitionist. His letter went unanswered. Four or five days later, Rivera was ordered down of his scaffold. According to Geoffrey Helman in the New Yorker, Rivera 'was inclined to be playfull rather than Robertson of Todd, Robertson & Todd, flanked by a squad of uniformed guards, advanced with a check for fourteen thousand dollars and the information that is as much as the refuse to deleite the figure of Lenin, his services would no longer to be required. Rivera's first observations was: 'How do you know it's Lenin? It doesn't say so, does it?'' Rivera was escorted from the building as his mural was covered with canvas. Outside, munted by regular protest to preserve Rivera's mural. Six months later, never shown to the public or press, the mural was smashed to dust; it was eventually replace by a rather awful sepia-toned painting by Josè Maria Sert. Devoted to Man on Conquest, the painting spilled over the walls and ceilling of the building's east lobby to depict the improvement of laboring conditions from the ancient world, where human will combined with slavery to achieve progress, to the present, where science and intelligence were struggling to suppress war and conserve human life. In the background gleaming in the sun, Sert painted Rockefeller Center" (Stern. 1987. Page. 652).

    Rivera, furious, returned to Mexico City, where in 1935 painted the RCA Building mural Man on the Crossroad, in the Mexico City's Palace of Fine Arts's lobby, preserved Leninoriginal portrait, but adding, in revenge, a protrait of John D. Rockefeller, Jr playing cards, symbolizing the vice and the cruelty of Capitalism system.


    The Rockefeller Center from 6th Avenue "EL". OCtober 1933.




    Next, a general view of 1933 panorama of Manhattan skyline. If you have a commentary or you like to added a picture for its posts, please, show here. August 30th, 2009 11:38 PMerickchristianManhattan 1930s
    1932

    Hi!! We're back on the history of New York skyscrapers. Now We are in 1932. The Deppresion were on this worst moment and the construction industry were affected. But, in Manhattan the last skyscrapers of building boom were under construction or were completed. While, construction works on Rockefeller Center were on quickly progress. In this year the RKO Building, the Roxy Theather and Radio City Music Hall were build, and the 70-story RCA Building and the British Empire Building and La Maison Francaise were rises up its steel frames.

    It is a general panorama of the city's skyline and its towers in 1932.

    The new Park Avenue skyscrapers looking southeast from DuMont Building. The new 48-story Waldorf-Astoria Hotel were completed on 1931. Chrysler Building were seen on background.



    The New Waldorf-Astoria Hotel (Schultze & Weaver. 1931). January 1932.




    The 72-story Cities Service Building (now AIG Building or 60 Wall Tower. Clinton & Russell). February 1932. The Bank of Manhattan building can see on the left, at background.




    The new look of Lower Manhattan's Financial District. View from Brooklyn Bridge looking southwest. February 1932.




    Sunset view of Midtown Manhattan looking southwest from Queensboro Bridge. February 1932. Photo. Samuel Gottscho.





    Aerial view of the 102-story Empire State Building looking northwest. March 1932.




    A detail of the Empire State's mooring mast.




    Lower Manhattan looking south from Empire State Building. March, 1932.




    The Sherry-Netherland Hotel looking from Fifth Avenue and 64th Street. March, 1932.




    The New York Life Building from Madison Square Park. March 1932.




    Construction progress on Rockefeller Center. March, 1932. Photo: Samuel Gottscho.




    Another picture of new Lower Manhattan skyline. April 1932.




    The Majestic Apartments (Emery Roth, 1931). April 1932




    Sunset view of Midtown Manhattan and Queensboro Bridge. April 1932. Photo: Samuel Gottscho.




    The new General Electric Building (first named RCA Building until the construction of Rockefeller Center), and St. Bartholomew Church. April 1932.




    Midtown Manhattan's Grand Central District skyscrapers looking northwest from First Avenue and 34th Street. April 1932.




    Fifth Avenue and Grand Army Plaza, looking south. May 1932.




    Midtown Manhattan looking south from Barbizon Hotel, on Lexington Avenue. May 1932. Photo: Samuel Gottscho.




    The City Bank and Farmers Trust Building (Now Citibank). June 1932.




    Lower Manhattan and Brooklyn Bridge. June 1932.




    St. Bartholomew Church and General Electric Building. June 1932.





    Midtown Manhattan looking northeast from Empire State Building. July 1932. Photo: Samuel Gottscho.




    Rockefeller Center under construction from old building showing a Center's model. July 1932.




    The Empire State Building at night looking southeast from Continental building. July 1932. Photo: Samule Gottscho.




    Times Square at night looking northwest from Continental Building. July 1932. Photo: Samuel Gottscho.




    St. Patrick's Cathedral looking east from Rockefeller Center's RKO Building under construction. August 1932.




    The 444 Madison Avenue Building(Later Newsweek Building. Now The New Yorker Magazine Building). September 1932.




    If you do have a comment or want to pic a picture on this post, about Manhattan in 1932, please show here.Your colaboration are very important, and make this post possible. . August 30th, 2009 10:38 PMerickchristianManhattan 1930s
    1931-1932 Special: The Rockefeller Center (1931-1940). Part 2. Construction began: RKO Building and Radio City Music Hall

    Hi. We're continued on the history of Rockefeller Center. Now study about the construction of the first building of the complex in pictures. Now we.re talking about the RKO BUilding and Radio City Music Hall.

    The building demolition started on spring 1931 and excavation began in July. "Revised plans were approved by Columbia on September 4, and the first concrete was poured on September 11. By October 16 construction contracts were signed for the RCA Building, the International Music Hall, and the sound motion picture theater" (Balfour, Alan. Rockefeller Center. Architecture as theater. New York. McGraw-Hill. 1978. Page 37).

    Raymond Hood inspired in the Daily News Building in the design of the Rockefeller Center office building, specially, in the RCA Building and RKO Building.

    The RKO Building and the Roxy (Center) Theather was the Center's first building was begun to built in the autum of 1931. Few weeks after, the construction activities were started on the International City Hall, now named Radio City Music Hall.

    Here a picture of Rockefeller Center's construction activity for RKO Building, Radio City Music Hall and Roxy on progress, while excavations were too in progress in the RCA Building site, on Christmas 1931. The skyscraper were bult very quickly.




    The construction works in march 1932, when the RCA Building start to rise up. Photo: Samuel Gottscho




    Old Upper Estate buildings from new RKO Building. Summer 1932




    The new RKO Building and the Radio City Music Hall, with a grear Art Deco theather with cappacity fot more of 6000 seats. Completed in late 1932, the picture show the building that look in 1940.




    The famous Radio City billboard, and it's Art Deco facade.

    This thread has more than 15 replies. Click here to review the whole thread.
    You opinion are very important. If you have some commentary or you want to show a some picture, show here. September 21st, 2009 04:21 AMMerry

    http://dev.curiousexpeditions.org/



    September 20th, 2009 05:40 PMablarcDo you have pictures of the Daily News Building lobby ? September 20th, 2009 04:54 PMerickchristianManhattan 1930s
    1935

    Hi!! We're back on this countdown throught the history of New York Skyscrapers. The Skyscraper Capital of the World. Now we're in 1935. When the 41-story Rockefeller Center's Internbational Building were complet, Manhattan were complete the skyline that dominate in the next 20 or 25 years.

    Now, we're look a general review of New York's skyline in 1935, on this photographic trip.

    The Grand Central Termninal, now surrounding by tall building. 1935




    New addition for the Civic Center in 1935 was the 35-story Cass Gilbert's last skyscraper: the United States Courthouse Building. Here under construction on April, 1935. Photo Ewing Galloway.




    The Rockefeller Centre looking west from 444 Madison Avenue Building, showing the 70-story RCA Building and the new 41-story International Building. May 1935




    Another skyscraper for the Financial District: 99 John Street Building (Shreve, Lamb & Harmon). June 1935.




    Lower Manhattan's Financial District skyscrapers from St. George Hotel, on Brooklyn. June 1935. Photo: Samuel Gottscho.




    The Empire State Building. June 1935




    Midtown Manhattan looking southeast from the RCA Building, showing Chrysler, Chanin, Lincolnj, 500 Fifth Avenue and Empire State Buildings. July 1935.




    Midtown Manhattan looking north from RCA Building, showing Central Park and 59th Street's skyscraper hotels. July 1935.




    Midtown Manhattan looking north from Empire State Building. July 1935. Here show the Rockefeller Center with its new 41-story International Building. Photo: Foto Seal. (Compare with the 1933 Gottscho's picture showed few pic above. See 1933).




    Midtown Manhattan looking Northeast from Empire State Building. July 1935. Photo: Foto Seal.




    Fifth Avenue skyscraper hotel from Central Park. July 1935.




    The Rockefeller Center from the Fifth Avenue. July 1935





    Aerial view of the Rockefeller Center looking north, showing RCA and International Buildings. August 1935.




    The Daily News Building from the Chanin Building. November 1935. Photo: Berenice Abbott.




    Next. A general review of 1936.

    Your opinion are very important. Please, if you have some commentary or you contruibuite to enriched this forum with a some picture, please:

    ¡Show here, in this forum!!!

    Thank You
    September 17th, 2009 06:55 PMerickchristianManhattan 1930s
    1934-1935 Special. The Rockefeller Center. Part 4. The Lower Plaza and International Building.

    Hi!!! We're back on this trip around the history of the World's most famous skyline. Now, in this week, we are continue to talk about the history of the Rockefeller Center with this Part 4, were we will talking about the Lower Plaza, with its Paul Manship's master piece, Prometeus, and the 41-story International Building.




    The Lower Plaza




    The Lower Plaza is the center of the full activity on the Rockefeller Center and New York City. During the summer, New Yorkers enjoy cool beverages under the umbrellas on the sunken garden's restaurant, and skating in its ice skate rink on the winter, under the golden Center's guardian: Paul Manship's sculpture, Prometheus, who give the stolen fire to mankind.

    The Lower Plaza. Late 1933.



    Robert A. Stern (1987) says:

    "Between the British Empire Building and La Maison Française were the Channel Gardens, a series of small pools and paintings decorated with a graceful bronze tritons and nereids sculpted by Renè Chambellan. The gardens sloped gently, inexorably leading shoppers down a half-level to a promenade overlooking the sunken plaza. A grand flight of stairs originally spilled into the plaza. Along its western wall, beneath the towering RCA Building, Paul Manship's gaudily gilded statue, Prometheus, was flanked by entrances to an underground shopping concourse that extended all the way to Sixth Avenue, where the El was scheduled to be replaced by a new subway line" (Stern, Robert A. M., Gilmartin, Gregory, Mellins, Thomas. New York 1930. Architecture and Urbanism Between the Two World Wars. New York. Rizzoli. 1987. Page 650).

    The Lower Plaza. 1940's




    Prometheo
    In the center of the plaza, under the west wall toward RCA Building, lies, the Paul Manship, golden statue Prometheus, who give the stolen fire to mankind.

    Donald Martin Reynolds (1984) says about the sculpture:

    "An enormous fountain at the baisin of the lower plaza against the west wall is surmounted by a bronze-gilded flying figure of Prometheus, whose mission is described in a quotation from Aeschylus's Prometheus Bound on the Balmoral granite wall behind Prometheus. Eighteen feet high, weighing eight tons, the figure by sculptor Paul Manship was unveiled in 1934. Surrounded by a ring bearing the signs of the Zodiac, representing the Cosmos, Prometheus delivers the stolen fire to mankind. the earth below is symbolized by the gigantic convex base that supports the sculpture. Prometheus was originally flanked by two smaller figures, a male and a female, symbolizing the people of the earth, but these have benn pressed into service on the roof garden of the Palazzo d'Italia" (Reynolds, Donald Martin. The architecture of New York City. History and views of important structures, sites and symbols. New York. Macmillan Publishing company. 1984. Page. 259).





    The Prometheus mith

    Jornalist and magazine editor, Joseph Lederer (1975), says about Prometheus:

    "Daring to disobey Zeus, the father of gods, who withheld fire from mortals -for it would give too much power to mankind- Prometheus stole fire from heaven and brought it to earth in a hollow tube (seen here in the figure's right hand). As punishment, Prometheus was chained to a pillar. An eagle, dispatched by Zeus, consume his liver every day; each night it was restored again. What was to have been perpetual torture continued until Heracles (Hercules) ultimately killed the eagle" (Lederer, Joseph. Bondarin, Arley. All Around the Town. A Walking Guide to Outdoor Sculpture in New York City. New York. Charles Scribner's Sons. 1975. Pages 96-97).


    The International Building



    The 41-story International Building -that construction started on late 1933 and completed in May, 1935- was the Center's second tallest skyscraper, until the construction of Time-Life Building in the late 50's. It's designed is less ornamental than the RCA Building and other buildings, but the two seven-story Fifth Avenue's blocks were similar, in design, like the British Empire and La Maison Françoise buildings. The reasson: the designed were considered by the architects to give a view of St. Patricks Cathedral, opposite of building, from other building and the plaza.

    Aerial view of Rockefeller Center with the most recenter addition: 41-story International Building, near Fifth Avenue between 50th to 51st Streets. August, 1935.




    Robert A. Stern. says about the International Building:

    "In 1934 the real estate community was starled when construction began on the on the thirty-eight-story International Building one block north of the British and French buildings. 'one of few places in the city where the hammering of riveters may be heard.' (Only one other tall building was in construction at the time, Cass Gilbert's United States Courthouse on Foley Square.) When completed in May 1935 the International Building was greeted somewhat wearily by the Architectural Forum as 'the addition of 827,149 square feet of office space to the fourteen-odd million still available on Manhattan Island.' The building completed the Center's Fifth Avenue frontage, taking the critical site opposite St. Patrick's Cathedral" (Stern. 1987. Page 665)

    In design, the International Building were influence, like the RCA in the setback design of the Raymond Hood's Daily News Building, but the International were diferent than RCA. Between 1931 and 1933, the Associated Architects (Raymond Hood, Wallace K. Harrison, and others) were modified the schemes of the Center. Originally the International Building were disegned like a massive weddingf-cake skyscraper. Latter it's design were modified and in 1932-33 it was appear like a big version of RKO Building.

    Original model of Radio City with proposal RCA and International Buildings. March 1931.





    Proposed RCA and International Buildings. Late 1931



    Aerial view of Midtown Manhattan with a phomontage of proposal Rockefeller Center: Early 1932.



    Stern says:

    "An early scheme for the site had called for a department store surmonted by a slendered, forty-five-story tower; later plans showed nine-story wings flanking a much shorter tower. The final design, with its courtyard, duplicated the four-story pavillions of the British and French buildings, thus echoing the relationships of the Channel Gardens to the RCA Building, keeping a uniform rhythm of four low masses along the avenue, and providing a forecourt to St. Patricks Cathedral across the street. The change was Hood's idea, his last contribution to Rockefeller Center before illness forced him to withdraw from the project" (Stern. Page 565).



    Finally, in 1933, the International Building's design were used the massive monolith form, that mean the influence of International Style Modernism on the Center designed, were applied on the future buildings that would to be to built. The International Building was the Raymond Hood's last contribution for Rockefeller Center, because he died of pancreas' cancer in 1934.

    The RCA and International Buildings. May 1935


    Stern (1987) continue:

    "Compared with the RCA Building, the tower of the International Building was only modestly tall and boasted 'but small quantities of the Art which kicked up such a ruckus during the earlier stages of the development.' It was also more explicitly Modernist. Its revealless facades and detail-free columns and piers were complemented by the severe machine-like precision of the interior details. The four-story-high, marble-lined, cooper-ceilingeg lobby was dominated by a pair of the 'shiniest, swankiest escalators in the city', a far cry from the grandiose murals of the RCA Building or the elaborate staircases of the Music Hall and Center Theatre. The escalators led to a mezzanine level that was intended for exhibitions but seems never to have functioned as such; they were ironic symbols of an efficient Machine Age. The columns that flanked them were more subtle images of machine perfection, echoing the shape of the steel l-beams inside (which of course required a fireproof cladding). The flanges were sheathed in dark green marble, the webs in white marble; the contrast helped avoid any sense of tradition gravitas" (Stern. 1987. Pages 665-666).

    The St. Patrick's Cathedral and International Building. 1940's




    The International Building and RCA Buildings from Plaza Hotel. 1936.




    The Rockefeller Center came to Modernism.

    "The completion of the International Building marked a new phase in Rockefeller Center's development. The center renewed its contract with the Associated Architects, but Wallace K. Harrison now separate from Corbett & MacMurray, its former partners, and joined with the engineer J. Andrè Fouilhoux. With Hood's death, Harrison came to have an increasingly dominant role in the center's design, in part because of his friendship with Nelson Rockefeller. Harrison gradually pushed the subsequently erected buildings toward Modernism; while he was restrained by the need to retain the vertical pier and repressed spandrel system of the RCA Building's facades, these later buildings are caracterized by a geometrical clarity and a thinness of detailing that accentuate their volume rather than mass" (Stern. 1987. Page 666). The International Building were a first building in the Center that were influenced with the functionalism of Modern movement.



    Atlas in the International Building.

    In the middle of International Building's wings, on Fifth Avenue, lies the Lee Lawrie's sculpture Atlas, who support the world with his shoulders, that unveiled in this site in 1936. This scupture, with the Paul Manship's Prometheo, that lies on the Lower Plaza's fountain, symbolized the most powerful expresion of Art Deco's sculpture and link the Greek mithology's goods with the power of the Machine Age, symbolized with the Rockefeller Center's skyscrapers.

    Lederer (1975) says about the Atlas

    "Like his brother, Prometheus, Atlas incurred the wrath of Zeus. For invading the heavens while aiding the Titans (the children of Heaven and Earth) in their struggle against the Olympian gods, Atlas was condemned to carry the heavens or the pillars or wich they rested. Such was a punishment according to Greek mithology. In sculpture, however, Atlas is traditionally represented bearing the earth on his hands and shoulders" (Lederer. 1975. Page 98).

    He continue:

    "The colossal bronze statue of Atlas -supporting an armillary globe with the signs of zodiac- is the work of Lee Lawrie (1877-1963), who was brought from Germany to the United States as an infant" (Lederer. 1975. page 98). He added: "As for this Atlas of the mid 1930s, whatever one may think of it as art, there is no denying its effectiveness in relating architecturally to the objects and space around it: one example -the counterpoise of the great globe to the rose window of St. Patrick's Cathedral directly across Fifth Avenue (Lederer. 1975. Page 98. Extract).







    RCA Building Observation Roof.

    Since the RCA Building was open, in 1933, its 70 floor Observation Roof is a second in importance, behind the Empire State Building's Observation roofs, but is most memmorable because give a perfect angle to vews many of the most important skyscrapers of Manhattan, included the Empire State.

    In a 65 floor of RCA Building, were the place of the Rainbow Room, a luxury restaurant a dance hall that were very famous in all the world. Decorated, with Art Deco's glass panels from floor to ceiling, the Rainbow Room were very memmorable as romantic scene, specially on the night, when the lights of Midtown's skyscrapers were look glitter, like stardust. This exclusive restaurant, above the skyscrapers of Midtown Manhattan were operated until it was closed in early 2000s. Now is a exhibition room of the new "Top of the Rock" new building's Observation Roof.

    Here is a many of the first views from the top of RCA Building.

    Midtown Manhattan looking southwest: Chrysler, Graybar, Chanin, Lincoln, 500 Fifth Avenue and Empire State Buildings.



    Midtown and Upper Manhattan, looking north: The Plaza Hotel, the Barbizon and St. Moritz Hotel and Essex House, fews on the 59th Street. Pierre, Sherry Netherland and Savoy Plaza Hotels and Squibb and Fuller Buildings. Central Park dominating the scene.




    Midtown Manhattan looking southwest. Times Tower, Paramount and McGraw-Hill Buildings. Garment District and Times Square.



    Night view of Midtown Manhattan looking south.



    Next week, a general view of the evolution of New York's skyscrapers in 1935. If you have some commentary or you give a some picture about the Rockefeller Center, please, can you show it in this blog.

    Your oppinion and contribution are many important to support this blog.

    Thank You!!! September 13th, 2009 03:25 PMMaradona-82WaW!!!
    Erickchristian, Your Work - at Beautiful!!!
    September 11th, 2009 06:54 PMerickchristian
    SPECIAL

    9-11

    World Trade Center

    Memorial.

    (4-4-73-9-11-01)

    I like to remember the WTC Twin Towers when it dominated Manhattan Island, not when it was destroyed.

    I have a little memorial that I dedicate for these beautiful skyscrapers and the people and firefighters who died it.

    World Trade Center.

    1970s


















































    will never forgett it.

    September 11th, 2009 06:07 PMerickchristianManhattan 1930s
    1934


    Hi!! We're back again on this trip around the history of New York's Skyscrapers trought the 20th Century. Now we're in 1934, and construction works on the Rockefeller Center were on progress with the construction of 41-story International Building.

    But, just before of review on the next chappel of the history of Rockefeller Center, now we review a general view of Manhattan Skyline on 1934.

    A first pict was taken from RCA Building. Night view of Midtown Manhattan looking southeast from RCA Building. March 1934. Photo: Samuel Gottscho. The original picture I was scanned in two parts because my scanner is a fold size. Part 1 of 2. Chrysler Building, Chanin Building and Grand Central Area




    Part 2 of 2. Fifth Avenue, 500 Fifth Avenue Building and Empire State Building. Photo. Samuel Gottscho.




    The complete picture scanned from another book, but a less resolution.



    An typical American house for a exposition on Park Avenue. Behind, the Lefcourt Colonial and Lincoln Buildings. April 1934.




    Art Deco jewel. The 48-story Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, from Du Mont Building. June 1934.





    Daily News' airplane flying over Midtown Manhattan. c. June 1934. Photo: The Daily News. Picture from Daily News's book: New York Exposed. Photographs from the Daily News.




    Lower Manhattan's Financial District skyscrapers looking from Brooklyn Bridge. June 1934.





    The Bryant Park and the skyscrapers surrounding it. July, 1934.




    Chrysler, News, Chanin and Lincoln Buildings from 500 Fifth Avenue Tower. July 1934.




    Lower Manhattan and Brooklyn Bridge. August 1934. Picture. Samuel Gottscho.




    Passanger shipo leaving Lower Manhattan. November 1934.




    Next week the Part 4 of the Rockefeller Center's Special, dedicated to International Building. If you have some commentary about this blog show here.
    September 11th, 2009 04:26 PMerickchristianQuote:
    Originally Posted by lofter1
    Fantastic stuff. The Els are not missed. But the re-institution of street trolleys is an attractive idea.


    Sure. It would solved the traffic problems in some zones of Manhattan. In Times Square, por example, whold be a great idea to be recovery the old trolleys like a tourist attractive. September 8th, 2009 06:16 PMlofter1Fantastic stuff. The Els are not missed. But the re-institution of street trolleys is an attractive idea. September 8th, 2009 05:01 PMerickchristianManhattan 1930s
    1933

    Hello! We're back in this trip through the history of the skyscrapers of New York. Now we are in 1933.


    The 1920's-1930's Building Boom is over. Rockefeller Center on progress.

    1933 was the worse year of the Depression and the construction industry were very affected by the low office demand. In New York, the construction of buildings were almost paralyzed, because the demand of offices is handicapped and many owners and developters weren't had money for new skyscrapers. Two years after open its doors, the Empire State Building almost was empty, and only 25% of their offices had been rented. Only a great project of construction was inprogress and that was the Rockefeller Center. 7 buildings had been completed in 1933. This is the RCA Building and RCA Building West, RKO Building, Radio City Music Hall, The Center Theather and the British Empire Building and La Maison Française. The construction of the Plaza were on progress and the works for the construction of International Building were begun.

    Yet, I show a general panorama of the evolution of Manhattan skyline and it's skyscrapers on 1933.

    The luxurious Fifth Avenue's Grand Army Plaza Hotel skyscrapers looking from the Central Park's Pond. January 1933. Showing the Pierre, Sherry Netherland and Savoy-Plaza Hotels and Squibb Building. Photo: Samuel Gottscho.




    The 42nd Street's skyscrapers from Tudor City showing the Chrysler Building. March 1933. Photo: Samuel Gottscho




    The RCA Building nearby completed. March 1933



    The RCA Building and the excavations for the Plaza. March 1933




    Midtown Manhattan looking northeast from Empire State Building. March 1933. Photo: Samuel Gottscho





    Night view of 42nd Street and Chrysler Building from Tudor City. March 1933. Photo: Samuel Gottscho




    Night view of Fifth Avenue skyscrapers from Central Park. March 1933. Photo: Samuel Gottscho.




    Demolition works of the buildings in the International Building site on Rockefeller Center looking from Radio City Music Hall roof. March 1933




    The RCA Building. April 1933. Photo: Samuel Gottscho.





    Aerial view of Lower Manhattan looking southwest from East River showing Brooklyn Bridge. May 1933.




    Fifth Avenue skyscrapers from Central Park's Pond. May 1933. Photo: Samuel Gottscho




    Night view of Lower Manhattan and Brooklyn Bridge. May 1933




    The 1879 St. Patricks Cathedral on Fifth Avenue, surrounding of skyscrapers. View from International Building site. May 1933



    Downtown Skyport. A little airport on the East River for Wall Street's executuve men. Lower Manhattan's skyscrapers showing on the background. June 1933




    Columbus Circle. June 1933




    Lower Manhattan skyline looking north from Governors Island's fort. June 1933.




    Traffic on Herald Square. June 1933.




    The McGraw-Hill Building. June 1933




    The Daily News Building. June 1933





    The Empire State Building from Madison Square Park. June 1933




    St. Patricks Cathedral. June 1933




    Columbus Circle and Central Park South looking east. July 1933





    Aerial view of Manhattan Island looking north showing it's new look. July 1933 (Compare with the 1927 National Geographic's picture that I showed in the page 4 of this post). Photo: Fairchild Aerial Surveys.




    Lower Manhattan looking southwest from East River. July 1933. Photo: Samuel Gottscho.




    Midtown Manhattan's new look looking southwest from Queensboro Bridge. July 1933.




    Aerial view of Midtown Manhattan looking south showing Rockefeller Center's urban impact. July 1933.




    Midtown Manhattan looking north from Empire State Building showing new RKO and RCA Buildings. July 1933 (Compare with a 1931 picture of Midtown Manhattan looking north from Empire State, that I show on Page 5). Photo: Samuel Gottscho.




    The City Investing Building (Now AIG Building) from Downtown Skyport. July 1933. Photo. Samuel Gottscho




    The RCA Building and embassy buildings. July 1933




    The RCA Building on August 1933




    Aerial view of Rockefeller Center looking south. August, 1933.




    The Rockefeller Center looking west from 444 Madison Avenue Building. September 1933




    Fifth Avenue looking south from 63rd Street. October 1933




    The Rockefeller Center from 6th Avenue's 'EL'. October 1933. Rockefeller Center was a powerfull influence in the demolition of 6th Avenue EL in 1939 and the post World War II 6th Avenue's urban renewal.




    In the autum of 1933 the Rockefeller Center's Lower Plaza were completed.




    Yet, in the Christmas of 1933, the excavation works for International Building were on progress. Under the snow.




    Next week, a general view of 1934. If do you want to post any picture or have some commentary, please. Show Here!!!!! September 4th, 2009 04:26 PMerickchristianManhattan 1930s
    1932-1933 Special. The Rockefeller Center (1931-1940). Part 3. The RCA Building and the Embassy Buildings .
    Hello! We're here again on this trip on the history of New York's slyscraper. Now we're on 1933, and before beginning the year, we continued with the third part of the special one of the Rockefeller Center. Now we will see the conception and construcciòn of the RCA Building, and the British Empire, and the Maison Française buildings.

    The 70-story, 850 feet (259 meters) RCA Building is the Center's tallest building and one of New York's tallest skyscrapers. It was build by Raymond Hood and Wallace K. Harrison. Hood were inspired on his Daily News Building for the RCA Design, buy that say Donald Martin Reynolds, also were influenced on the majestic of the Empire State Building.

    The RCA Building were included on the 1930-1932 Rockefeller Center's first phase included "the British Empire Building, La Maison Fraçaise, the plaza and Radio City-the later comprised the RCA and RKO Buildings, the International Music Hall, and the Center Theatre" (Stern, Robert A. M., Gilmartin, Gregory, Mellins, Thomas. New York 1930. Architecture and Urbanism Between the Two World Wars. New York. Rizzoli. 1987. Page 646).

    During the Center's preliminary designs, in 1931, Hood were experimented many facades proposalas for RCA Building.




    Finally, Hood and Harrison were inspired on the News Building for the disgn of the facades, and in autum 1931, the final designed for the RCA Building were unveiled.




    A plastic model of the RCA Building. December 1931.



    The RCA Building final design consist in two separate entities:

    "A seventy-story slab sat on the eastern half of the lot, flanked by a two-story plinth of shops that stapped up gradually to a nine-story mass behind the office building, where the windowless NBC studios filled on the deep midblock loft spaces. The building stepped up again on the western end on the site, on Sixth Avenue, to form the sixteen-story RCA Building West. At ground level, the three buildings were linked by a generous double-height public lobby that filled the void between the cores of the RCA tower and the NBC studios, and outer layer of shops that enjoyed acces from the lobby and the streets" (Stern. 1987. Page 650).

    Excavation for the RCA Building begun on autum 1931, and the first steel gilders were on the site on early 1932.

    Excavation for the RCA Building. Late 1931.




    The RCA Building under construction on March 1932. First stories was build. Photo: Samuel Gottscho.




    The RCA Building's construction progress on June, 1932.




    Construction progress for the RCA Building and Lower Plaza as seen from 444 Madison Avenue Building on September, 1932. Here show the Center Theatre, at left and the RKO Building, at right, were completed. next the RKO BUilding, Radio City Music Hall were nearby completion. Photo courtesy of Maradona-82





    Like the Empire State Building, the pictures of the workers during the construction of RCA Building giving romanticism of the construction scene. There is a pictures of the RCA Building's construction workers on action. Autum 1932.




    On the gilder. Autum 1932




    Workers on the British Empire Building's steelframe when it was topped out. Autum 1932.




    The 70-story RCA Building topped out on December 1932. It was appeare here in Early 1933, nearby completion with the Maison Française Building under construction on foreground.



    From the Plaza. Early 1933




    The RCA Building on April, 1933



    Another picture of RCA Building from Du-Pont Building. April 1933. Photo courtesy of Maradona-82




    The RCA Building between the Britsh Empire Building and La Maison Française Building. July 1933



    The first phase of Rockefeller Center were completed: Radio City and Embassy buildings. View of Midtown Manhattan looking south showing the urban impact of the Center's finished buildings on the Midtown skyline. July 1933




    The RCA Building were completed. August 1933.





    The RCA Building, limestone cladding, as Donald Martin Reynolds says, " (...) is textured in a shot-saw pattern, that is a weft of thin and irregular linear indentations across the surface of the stone. The architects achieved additional variety in the stone-work by lying up the individual limestone blocks irregularity so, that ocassionally, the strations of the shot-saw pattrern meet at right angles. A panel of darkner Deer Island granite runs arround the building from sidewalk up about four feet and makes a visually pleasing transition from the pavement to the limestone slab" (Reynolds, Donald Martin. The Architecture of New York City. New York. Macmillan Publishing Company. 1984. Page 257).

    Reynolds continue:

    The west face of the tower rises sheer from the NBC Studios, which needed broad open spaces incompatible with a forest of closely spaced vertical supports that tall buildings require. therefore, the low-rise NBC Studios, which could also do without natural light while the tall buildings could not, were logically placed between the tall east tower and RCA West" (Reynolds. 1984. Page 257).

    He continue:

    "The studios were designed to accommodate the radio needs of the 1930s and to anticipate the radio and television needs of the future. In addition to four of the most modern broadcast studios serviced by a central control room, there were two- and three-story spaces for stage plays, large studio audiences, and exhibitions. these were equipped with ramps, stairs, balconies, and elevators. The studios are still use today (1984), using updated equipment" (Reynolds. 1984. Page 257).

    The great mass of RCA Building rises over the center of Midtown Manhattan. Aerial view of the skyscraper showin the Lower Plaza under construction and the site for International Building. August 1933.




    The urban impact of the mass of RCA Building on Manhattan landscaper were giant. The Rockefeller Center looking west from 444 Madison Avenue Building. Sepetmber 1933




    In the autum of 1933, the Lower Plaza were completed. The Paul Manship's sculpture "Prometeo" were on its site on the Plaza's fountain in 1934.




    Lenin on the heart of capitalism: The Diego Rivera's mural incident.

    Is very knowled in New York City the participation of the mexican muralist Diego Rivera on the history of Rockefeller Center, because hewas a principal protagonist of a peculiar incident, cause for his political ideology.

    Diego Rivera and Frida Kahlo in the RCA Building's lobby. Winter 1933.



    In 1932, while RCA Building was under construction, John D. Rockefeller, Jr. contracted the services of the Mexican painter, Diego Rivera,the Mexico's greates mural paintes who since early 1920's painted many murals in his country after the end of 1910's Mexican Revolution, many of this on Mexico City's goverment offices buildings.

    Rivera painted the mural “Man on the Crossroad”, where it evoked the profits of the human progress through the industry and science, in the main lobby of the new skyscraper, always accompanied by his wife, the painter Frida Kahlo. When the mural was almost completed, on early 1933, Rivera caused controversy on the New York's society cause to a simple detail: Lenin in the heart of Capitalism the International.

    Diego Rivera was a full-active communist and he was one of the precursors of the Mexico's socialist movement. He participated in demostrations fo the fights of the working class and was admiring of Lenin and Trotsky. In 1937 he and Kahlo, gave the welcome, to Trotsky when the Russian revolutionist was arrive in Mexico to escape for the persecution that he was object by the dictator Jose Stalin.

    In the mural that realised for RCA Building, Rivera painted Lenin representing the fight for the dignification of the working-class, which brought about the anger of John D. Rockefeller Jr, who fired Rivera and ordered to mural were removed. Finally Rivera was replaced by the Spanish painter Jose Maria Sert who painted a mural evoking to the progress, putting to Abraham Lincoln and the same building RCA as fundamental elements of the work.

    Robert Stern says about Rivera's incident:

    "Nelson Rockefeller wrote to Rivera, pointing out that the portrait of Lenin whould offend 'a great many people'. Rivera refused to deleite the portrait, but suggested that he could replace the nightclub scene with a portrait of Lincoln surrounded by abolitionist. His letter went unanswered. Four or five days later, Rivera was ordered down of his scaffold. According to Geoffrey Helman in the New Yorker, Rivera 'was inclined to be playfull rather than Robertson of Todd, Robertson & Todd, flanked by a squad of uniformed guards, advanced with a check for fourteen thousand dollars and the information that is as much as the refuse to deleite the figure of Lenin, his services would no longer to be required. Rivera's first observations was: 'How do you know it's Lenin? It doesn't say so, does it?'' Rivera was escorted from the building as his mural was covered with canvas. Outside, munted by regular protest to preserve Rivera's mural. Six months later, never shown to the public or press, the mural was smashed to dust; it was eventually replace by a rather awful sepia-toned painting by Josè Maria Sert. Devoted to Man on Conquest, the painting spilled over the walls and ceilling of the building's east lobby to depict the improvement of laboring conditions from the ancient world, where human will combined with slavery to achieve progress, to the present, where science and intelligence were struggling to suppress war and conserve human life. In the background gleaming in the sun, Sert painted Rockefeller Center" (Stern. 1987. Page. 652).

    Rivera, furious, returned to Mexico City, where in 1935 painted the RCA Building mural Man on the Crossroad, in the Mexico City's Palace of Fine Arts's lobby, preserved Leninoriginal portrait, but adding, in revenge, a protrait of John D. Rockefeller, Jr playing cards, symbolizing the vice and the cruelty of Capitalism system.


    The Rockefeller Center from 6th Avenue "EL". OCtober 1933.




    Next, a general view of 1933 panorama of Manhattan skyline. If you have a commentary or you like to added a picture for its posts, please, show here. August 30th, 2009 11:38 PMerickchristianManhattan 1930s
    1932

    Hi!! We're back on the history of New York skyscrapers. Now We are in 1932. The Deppresion were on this worst moment and the construction industry were affected. But, in Manhattan the last skyscrapers of building boom were under construction or were completed. While, construction works on Rockefeller Center were on quickly progress. In this year the RKO Building, the Roxy Theather and Radio City Music Hall were build, and the 70-story RCA Building and the British Empire Building and La Maison Francaise were rises up its steel frames.

    It is a general panorama of the city's skyline and its towers in 1932.

    The new Park Avenue skyscrapers looking southeast from DuMont Building. The new 48-story Waldorf-Astoria Hotel were completed on 1931. Chrysler Building were seen on background.



    The New Waldorf-Astoria Hotel (Schultze & Weaver. 1931). January 1932.




    The 72-story Cities Service Building (now AIG Building or 60 Wall Tower. Clinton & Russell). February 1932. The Bank of Manhattan building can see on the left, at background.




    The new look of Lower Manhattan's Financial District. View from Brooklyn Bridge looking southwest. February 1932.




    Sunset view of Midtown Manhattan looking southwest from Queensboro Bridge. February 1932. Photo. Samuel Gottscho.





    Aerial view of the 102-story Empire State Building looking northwest. March 1932.




    A detail of the Empire State's mooring mast.




    Lower Manhattan looking south from Empire State Building. March, 1932.




    The Sherry-Netherland Hotel looking from Fifth Avenue and 64th Street. March, 1932.




    The New York Life Building from Madison Square Park. March 1932.




    Construction progress on Rockefeller Center. March, 1932. Photo: Samuel Gottscho.




    Another picture of new Lower Manhattan skyline. April 1932.




    The Majestic Apartments (Emery Roth, 1931). April 1932




    Sunset view of Midtown Manhattan and Queensboro Bridge. April 1932. Photo: Samuel Gottscho.




    The new General Electric Building (first named RCA Building until the construction of Rockefeller Center), and St. Bartholomew Church. April 1932.




    Midtown Manhattan's Grand Central District skyscrapers looking northwest from First Avenue and 34th Street. April 1932.




    Fifth Avenue and Grand Army Plaza, looking south. May 1932.




    Midtown Manhattan looking south from Barbizon Hotel, on Lexington Avenue. May 1932. Photo: Samuel Gottscho.




    The City Bank and Farmers Trust Building (Now Citibank). June 1932.




    Lower Manhattan and Brooklyn Bridge. June 1932.




    St. Bartholomew Church and General Electric Building. June 1932.





    Midtown Manhattan looking northeast from Empire State Building. July 1932. Photo: Samuel Gottscho.




    Rockefeller Center under construction from old building showing a Center's model. July 1932.




    The Empire State Building at night looking southeast from Continental building. July 1932. Photo: Samule Gottscho.




    Times Square at night looking northwest from Continental Building. July 1932. Photo: Samuel Gottscho.




    St. Patrick's Cathedral looking east from Rockefeller Center's RKO Building under construction. August 1932.




    The 444 Madison Avenue Building(Later Newsweek Building. Now The New Yorker Magazine Building). September 1932.




    If you do have a comment or want to pic a picture on this post, about Manhattan in 1932, please show here.Your colaboration are very important, and make this post possible. . August 30th, 2009 10:38 PMerickchristianManhattan 1930s
    1931-1932 Special: The Rockefeller Center (1931-1940). Part 2. Construction began: RKO Building and Radio City Music Hall

    Hi. We're continued on the history of Rockefeller Center. Now study about the construction of the first building of the complex in pictures. Now we.re talking about the RKO BUilding and Radio City Music Hall.

    The building demolition started on spring 1931 and excavation began in July. "Revised plans were approved by Columbia on September 4, and the first concrete was poured on September 11. By October 16 construction contracts were signed for the RCA Building, the International Music Hall, and the sound motion picture theater" (Balfour, Alan. Rockefeller Center. Architecture as theater. New York. McGraw-Hill. 1978. Page 37).

    Raymond Hood inspired in the Daily News Building in the design of the Rockefeller Center office building, specially, in the RCA Building and RKO Building.

    The RKO Building and the Roxy (Center) Theather was the Center's first building was begun to built in the autum of 1931. Few weeks after, the construction activities were started on the International City Hall, now named Radio City Music Hall.

    Here a picture of Rockefeller Center's construction activity for RKO Building, Radio City Music Hall and Roxy on progress, while excavations were too in progress in the RCA Building site, on Christmas 1931. The skyscraper were bult very quickly.




    The construction works in march 1932, when the RCA Building start to rise up. Photo: Samuel Gottscho




    Old Upper Estate buildings from new RKO Building. Summer 1932




    The new RKO Building and the Radio City Music Hall, with a grear Art Deco theather with cappacity fot more of 6000 seats. Completed in late 1932, the picture show the building that look in 1940.




    The famous Radio City billboard, and it's Art Deco facade.

    This thread has more than 15 replies. Click here to review the whole thread.

  6. #96
    Disgruntled Optimist lofter1's Avatar
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    Anyone have any info on the grand old church that is seen in some of the photos (attached below) and that used to sit on the NW corner of Fifth Avenue and West 48th?

    *
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  7. #97
    Disgruntled Optimist lofter1's Avatar
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    gotta love google ...

    It was the Collegiate Reformed Church of St. Nicholas (1872) and it stood on that corner until 1949, when the gothic edifice was razed to make way for what Carter B. Horsley describes as follows in the The Midtown Book - Fifth Avenue:

    ... the 27-story very bland office tower designed by Carson & Lundin at 600 Fifth Avenue 48th Street that replaced the famous Collegiate Reformed Church of St. Nicholas in 1950 and was designated an individual landmark in 1985, apparently because it had been acquired by Rockefeller Center Properties since it certainly had no architectural or historical merit whatsoever, but then the city's preservationists in recent decades have not been known for consistency.

  8. #98
    Disgruntled Optimist lofter1's Avatar
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    The church was also known as the St. Nicholas Collegiate Church:

    St. Nicholas Collegiate Church was known originally as the Fifth Avenue, or Forty-eighth Street, Church. Designed by W. Wheeler Smith and built from 1869-72, its exhuberant Gothic architecture was marked by a disproportionately large steeple, flying buttresses, and a gabled roof. Theodore Roosevelt and his family occupied Pew No. 39. In 1949, the church was demolished, and the land was leased to Rockefeller Center by the Collegiate Corporation.
    WW Smith was also the architect for the great cast iron buidling at 361 Broadway (built 1881-82; currently undergoing renovation).

    Also by WW Smith is the Reformed Dutch Church of Greenpoint (1869-70) on Kent Avenue in Brooklyn (aka Saint Elias Church) which, according to CURBED, is being readied for conversion to residential.

    Image of the St. Nicholas Collegiate Church on Fifth Avenue (attached below) is from the NYPL Digital Library.

    Image ID: 1659292
    Collegiate R. P. D. Church.
    Cor. 48th & 5th Ave.
    W. Wheeler Smith, architect
    Helio Engr. & Printg Co.
    135 w. 25th St.
    (ca. 1872)

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  9. #99

    Default Manhattan 1930s

    1936-1937 Special: The Rockefeller Center. Part 5. Time & Life Building (One Rockefeller Plaza).


    Hi!!. We're back on this trip around the history of New York skyscrapers trought 20th Century. Now continue our trip around the history of the Rockefeller Center, with this Part 5, were I will talk about 33-story Rockefeller Center Plaza, when between 1937 until late 1959 were knowled as the Time & Life Building, the second headquarters of the media emporium Time & Life (now Time inc), home of magazines as Time, Life, Fortune, Sport Illustrated, and the others.

    Henry Luce and Briton Haden founded Time magazine, that its first issue was appear on March 3 1923 and was a instant succeful in the politic magazine market. When Life Magazine was born, in 1936, Time and Fortune magazined was the most famous and influential politic and financial magazines in America and arround the world.

    In November 23, 1936, Life Magazine was born and was quickly positioned as the most famous picture magazine on the world. In this time Time & Life acording with Rockefeller to occupy the new 33-story One Rockefeller Plaza Building, that was under construction, on the south of Center's Lower Plaza. In this time until the new building were under completed, Time & Life's offices were on the Chrysler Building.




    With 33 stories, the old Time & Life Building were the last tall skyscraper of the Rockefeller Center's first stage. Designed and build by architect Wallace K. Harrison, it is the first building of the complex that show without setbacks, broken the line that follow the first Center's buildings like the RCA, RKO, International and embassy buildings. It, continued in Art Deco Style, but it show modern, without additional ornaments.

    Robert A. Stern says:

    "In 1936 Time & Life agreed to occupy the tower north of the plaza; it opened in April of the following year. The building changed very little from studies thatb were made in 1931. It was pushed back from the hot line at ground level and thus was able to rise thirty-three stories without setbacks. The only modeling ocurred at the top, where the long sides set back at the top two floors, a gesture that accentuated the axis of the slab and its spatial counterpoint with the International Building. Harrison admired the geometrical purity of the building, and Todd was happy to dispense with the expense of setbacks. Had Hood lived, the building might well have received a final layer of articulation, as the RCA slab had" (Stern, Robert A. M., Gilmartin, Gregory, Mellins, Thomas. New York 1930. Architecture and Urbanism Between the Two World Wars. New York. Rizzoli. 1987. Page 666).

    The Time-Life Building under construction from Fifth Avenue. December, 1936. Photo: Berenice Abbott




    .

    Stern (1987) continue:

    "The main lobby of Time & Life linked entrances from Forty-eight and Forty-ninth streets and from the centers' private street. A long, narrow space two-and-a-half stories tall, it boed egntly on one side to indicate the presence of massed elevator banks. WIth its muted display cases, bare plaster walls, and circular light coves, the lobby was described as "Rockefeller Center's best examble to date of how much can be achieved by the simple expedient of leaving almost everything out" (Stern. 1987. Page 666).

    The Time & LIfe Building when it was almost completed. January 1937. Photo: Berenice Abbott.




    Here is the Rockefeller Center, almost complete, from the air. August 1937.




    Next, a general review of Manhattan Towers in 1937. You opinion are very important. If you have some commentary or you want to show a some picture, show here.

    You opinion are very important. If you have some commentary or you want to show a some picture, show here.

    NOTE: This is a correction of a last thread. I offer excuses to the public because the error that I committed when I, accidentally, put information of several previour threads of more to last thread, which cause it was saturated and I cant correct it.

  10. #100

    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by lofter1 View Post
    The church was also known as the St. Nicholas Collegiate Church:



    WW Smith was also the architect for the great cast iron buidling at 361 Broadway (built 1881-82; currently undergoing renovation).

    Also by WW Smith is the Reformed Dutch Church of Greenpoint (1869-70) on Kent Avenue in Brooklyn (aka Saint Elias Church) which, according to CURBED, is being readied for conversion to residential.

    Image of the St. Nicholas Collegiate Church on Fifth Avenue (attached below) is from the NYPL Digital Library.

    Image ID: 1659292
    Collegiate R. P. D. Church.
    Cor. 48th & 5th Ave.
    W. Wheeler Smith, architect
    Helio Engr. & Printg Co.
    135 w. 25th St.
    (ca. 1872)

    *
    The building that sustitute St. Nicholas Collegiate Church, is the Rockefeller Center's Sinclair Oil Building, that build between 1950-1952. Later I show this building when I talk about the city in the Fifties. Here a 1960s night picture of Rockefeller Center. The Sinclair Oil Building is the first building of left, on foreground.

    Last edited by erickchristian; September 28th, 2009 at 02:56 PM.

  11. #101

    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by erickchristian View Post
    NOTE: This is a correction of a last thread. I offer excuses to the public because the error that I committed when I, accidentally, put information of several previour threads of more to last thread, which cause it was saturated and I cant correct it.
    No harm no foul! Your thread is one of the best on the site.

  12. #102

    Default Manhattan 1930s

    1937

    Hi!!! We were back on this trip trought the history of the New York skyscrapers. Now we're a general trip of the Manhattan's skyline in 1937. The course of the office building construction activity were almost paralysed as consecuence of the 1929 Financial Crash that decrease the office space demand. The only except of full office construiction activity, on progress, were the great work of the Rockefeller, were continued on progress. In may of the same year the 33-story Time & Life Building were completed and the construction work begun for the Associated Press Building.

    But the city, in its general infrastructure were experiment a great change, because the national and city goverment estimulated the higways, parks and brigde construction with federal investiment. During Fiorello La Guardia's goverment, with Robert Moses as the head of the urban renewal movement, built many parks, higways, housing development and new bridges, giving job to many unemployers: The Triborough Bridge, the Riverside Drive, the Long Island Highway, the Brooklyn-Queens Expressway, West Side Highway and many parks and housing development in Manhattan, Brooklyn, Bronx, and particularitly, in Queens, between 1936 to 1940, include the construction works for 1939 World Fair, in Flushing Meadows.

    Here a general panorama of the city's skyline in 1937.

    The Rockefeller Center looking west from 444 Madison Avenue Building, showing the new Time & Life Building nearby completion. January 1937. Photo: Berenice Abbott




    The 42nd Street nearby Times Square, looking toward Times Tower. April 1937




    Aerial view of the Garment District's Skyscrapers. May 1937




    Night view of Midtown Manhattan looking southeast from RCA Building. May 1937.




    The Daily News Building from the Third Avenue El 42nd Street station. May 1937.





    The Chrysler Building. May 1937




    Park Avenue South. View looking north from 34th Street. June 1937.





    The Grand Central Terminal District. June 1937. Construction works begun for the Airlines Terminal, on foreground. At background show the New York Central Building and the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel.




    Park Avenue looking north from a appartment building on 35th Street. July 1937.




    The Empire State Building. July 1937.




    Upper East Side from the Empire State Building showing Waldorf-Astoria Hotel. July 1937.




    Aerial view of Midtown Manhattan looking southeast showing Rockefeller Center, (in the center at foreground) and the Empire State Building (In the background, in far right). August 1937. Photo. Fairchild Aerial Surveys




    The Trinity Church under Wall Street's skyscrapers. August 1937.




    The Fred F. French Building. October 1937.





    Lower Manhattan skyline from East River. October 1937.





    Park Avenue looking south from 52nd Street. October 1937.




    The Woolworth Building from the Municipal Building arches. October 1937.




    Next a 1937-38 Special: The Rockefeller Center Park 6. The Associated Press Building.

    You opinion are very important. If you have some commentary or you want to show a some picture, show here.

  13. #103

    Default Manhattan 1930s

    1937-1938 Special: The Rockefeller Center. Part 6 Modernism was arrived. The Associated Press Building

    Hi!!! We`re back with this trip throught the history of the Rockefeller Center.

    Now, in this Part 6, we're talking about the 16-story Associated Press Building, the first Center's building were look modern and functionalism.

    The Associated Press Building, in the north of RCA Building is a 16-story slabo little skyscraper, that build for the headquarters of the one of the World-Wide most famous news agency: The Associated Press. With the Time & Life and RCA Buildings, the Associated Press Building completed the mass media purpose of the Center. Radio, Press and in the next decade, the televisiòn. With the construction of Associated Press the Rockefeller Center consolidated the Media City, were the most powerful mass media were stood in a same place.

    The Associated Press Building occupied the site where originally were destinated for department stores and theaters for RKO, were considerated in the original 1931 plan, but the Deppression cancelled this proyects for the Center, to make way a new office building.

    Robert A.M Stern, in his book New York 1930 (1987) says about the Associated Press Building:

    "In 1935 the Associated Press, lured by Time & Life's decision to move to the center, agreed to take the site north of RCA (Building). The Associated Press required large office floors to acommodate pools of writers and editors, but it also needed natural light and ventilation, even if this was not as lavishly provided as at RCA, Time & Life and the International Building. Since the program could not be acommodated bay the low infill building originally planned for the site, the design evolved into a squat, sixteen story slab with a lower bustle at the rear. A four-story base filed in the site on the side streets, but was carved out on the east to frame the main entrance with the shallow wings that echoed, however faintly, the forecourt of the International Building" (Stern, Robert A. M., Gilmartin, Gregory, Mellins, Thomas. New York 1930. Architecture and Urbanism Between the Two World Wars. New York. Rizzoli. 1987. Page 666).

    The Associated Press Building. July 1938.





    Stern (1987) continued:

    The plan of the Associated Press Building was complicated by a curving truck ramp that ran through the ground floor and concourse levels as it descend to the service basement" (Stern. 1987. Page 666). In the early 1937 picture of the Center, the ramp show here as the descedent curve that a ppear between RCA and International buildings, and indicate the future AP Building's site.





    Stern continue:

    "On the Fiftieth Street the Newsreel Theather filted snugly into the curve of the ramp, but the ramp forced the building's elevator core to one sidemaking circulation upstairs more difficult and producing some extremely narrow patches of office space on the top floors. the building's principal note of distinction was the stainless steel plaque that Isamu Noguchi executed over the main entrance. It combined, Talbott Hamlin wrote, "an extraordinary dynamic and compact unity" with "the feeling of static, anticipatingt excitement wich is precisely that of one waiting the news" (Stern. 1987. Page 666).

    Next, a general review of 1938.

    You opinion are very important. If you have some commentary or you want to show a some picture, show here.

  14. #104

    Default Manhattan 1930s

    1938

    Hi!! We're back on this trip around the history of New York skyscrapers through 20th Century. We're now in 1938, and the work of construction of Rockefeller Center continued in progress with the build of the Associated Building and the begining of construction work of the last Center's buildings: The US Rubber Building and the Eastern Airlines Building. The World were on completed paranoia before the World War II and in the city, a new optimism and hope spirit we're in the soul of the citizens with the begining of the construction of the 1939 World Fair: A World of Tomorrow.

    Now is the general review of the skyline during 1938.

    Aerial view of the Empire State Building. January 1938. Photo: Foto Seal.




    The Metropolitan Life Tower looking from Fifth Avenue. March 1938. Showing the new 1932 Metropolitan Life North Building first stage.




    Traffic on the Fifth Avenue. March 1938.




    Times Square looking north. April 1938.




    Lower Manhattan skyscrapers looking north from Cities Service Building. May 1938. Photo: Berenice Abbott.




    The International Building and St. Patrick's Cathedral from Sacks Fifth Avenue Building. May 1938.




    Lower Manhattan looking north from Governors Island. June 1938.




    A espectacular pictire of Midtown Manhattan from Empire State Building. June 1938.




    The tallest Rockefeller Center Buildings: RCA, International and Time & Life from Eastern Airlines Building construction site. June 1938.




    The Carlyle Hotel. June 1938. Photo: Samuel Gottscho.





    The last moments of Sixth Avenue 'El'. The Rockefeller Center's RCA and RKO Buildings. June 1938.




    Times Square looking northwest from Continental Building. June 1938.





    Aerial view of Lower Manhattan looking north showing Midtown in the backgound. July 1938.




    Aerial view of Midtown Manhattan looking northeast. July 1938. Photo: ACME




    Rush hour traffic on Fifth Avenue. July 1938.




    Lower Manhattan skyscrapers looking east from Irving Trust Building. july 1938. Photo: Berenice Abbott.




    Lower Broadway skyscrapers and Battery Park form Irving Trust Building. July 1938. Photo: Berenice Abbott.




    Midtown Manhattan Grand Central District skyscrapers from Second Avenue looking northwest. July 1938.




    The Associated Press Building on Rockefeller Center. July 1938.





    Garment District and Times Square skyscrapers looking northwest from Empire State Building, showing Sixth Avenue 'El'. July 1938.





    Times Square looking north from Times Tower. July 1938. Photo: Ewing Galloway.




    Midtown Manhattan looking north from Empire State Building. September 1938 (Compare with 1935 picture on page 6 of this blog).




    Midtown Manhattan looking northeast from Empire State Building. September 1938.




    The Flatiron Building. September 1938.




    Night view of Midtown Manhattan looking south from RCA Building. October 1938.




    1400 Broadway and Bricker Casino Buildings from Aeolian Building. December 1938. Photo: Berenice Abbott.




    Next. A general review of New York skyscrapers in 1939.
    You opinion are very important. If you have some commentary or you want to show a some picture, show here.
    Last edited by erickchristian; October 4th, 2009 at 12:56 AM. Reason: I Added more information

  15. #105

    Default Manhattan 1930s

    1939

    Hi!!! We're back on this trip through the history of the Skyscraper's Capital of the World. Now we're end the 1930s with a general review of the Manhattan sktscrapers in 1939. 1939 were a uneasy year in all of aspects. Meanly, this year were catastrophic in the world scene. This year were the start of World War II when the Nazi German forces attack Poland and Great Britain and France declare the war against Nazi Germany and totalitarism Italy. World Peace were broked and a general paranoia were in most of the people on the world.

    The fear of the war worried many american people, in New York the construction activity were paralysed. Many construction material as iron, steel, for example, were used, in this moment, for made ships, airplanes, tanks, and submarine, and other weapons for the Allied cause.

    While Europe were fell down in the war, the New York of 1939 were recovery of Depresion and look to the future with hope and joy. This is were reflected on the theme of the 1939 World Fair, that celebrate on Flusing Meadows Park, and its most famous structures, the 610-foot height Trylon and the Perisphere, were symbolized the faith for the a better world.

    The ecos of the war took the fair when in September 1939 Poland Pavillion were closed in protest for the Nazi German attacks but the joy of the World of Future were continued.

    The most popular atractions of the fair were the Trylon and Perisphere; the General Motors' pavillion FUTURAMA exhibition were show the city life in 1960, whith futuristic glassed skyscrapers, many and extensive highways and electric walkways; the Salvador Dali's Dream of Venus, a surrealistic exhibition whith sexy girls; the great register cash on the roof of National Cash Register's Pavillion, the great statue of George Washington, were commemorate the 150 years of the Washington's dedication ceremony in Federal Hall, in Wall Street in 1789; and the New York City Pavillion, the only 1939 World Fair structure that survived today, were showed a circular model of New York City showing many famous buildings, include Rockefeller Center, Chrisler and Empire State Buildings.

    But, another great event were in Manhattan, when tha last rivet of the US Rubber Building's steel structure were put meaning the end of Rockefeller Center construction activity.

    Another event were the demolition of Sixth Avenue 'El' to make way a new subway line. This event determinated the future metamorphosis of the avenue's development. In 1939, were the 'El' were demolished, Sixth Avenue were renamed as "Avenue of the Americas".

    Now a general review of the magic and uneasy 1939.

    Battery Park. April 1939.




    Midtown skyscrapers looking southeast from Central Park's Sheep Meadow. May 1939. Photo: Andreas Fenninger.




    The 1939 World Fair's Trylon and Pherisphere from 35 floor of RCA Building. May 1939.




    Lower Manhattan skyline and Brooklyn Bridge. June 1939.




    Night view of 1939 World Fair. The Trylon and Pherisphere, with Washington statue in the foreground. June 1939.




    Times Square at night. June 1939.




    Aerial view of Lower Manhattan looking north showing Midtown in the background. August 1939.




    Aerial view of Rockefeller Center almost completed looking southwest. August 1939.




    Midtown Manhattan looking north from Empire State Building. September 1939. This picture show the Rockefeller Center with the 18-story Eastren Airlines Building under construction at background, in the center of picture.




    Next week, start the 1940's with the last part of the Rockefeller Center first special, with the Eastern Airlines and US Rubber Building.

    You opinion are very important. If you have some commentary or you want to show a some picture, show here.

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