ROCKEFELLER CENTER HISTORY (1931-1940)
THE CENTER WAS COMPLETED
Hi!!! We're back again with another trip around the history of New York skyscrapers through 20th Century. Now started the 1940's, but before, we're review a last part of the first chapter of the history of Rockefeller Center, where view the last rivet ceremony and the conclusion of Eastern Airlines and the US Rubber Building, the last buildings that completed the original Rockefeller Center complex.
The Eastern Airlines Building.
One of the last two buildings that complete the original Rockefeller Center is the 16-story Eastern Airlines Building, that completed in late 1939.
Robert A.M. Stern (1987) say about it:
"It was a narrow sixteen-story slab running east-west along the center of the block. The penultimate structure of the Rockefeller Center group, it showed more clearly than any of the others the influence of International Style Modernism, particularly in the curved-glass, double-height shop fonts stretched tauly along Forty-ninth Street and in the handling of such interior details as the sweeping semicircular stair that connected the lobby with the subway concourse. The superstructure was the most monotonous of the center's buiildings. Above the shops only one setback broke its compressed slab until the penthouse. The uniformity of the limestone skin, the simplicity of the massing, and the even fenestration pattern gave the building a blandness wholly absent from earlier Rockefeller Center designs. It was a building caught between eras: its from predicted the geometrical purism of postwar development, while its elevations deferred o the vertical patren originally envolved by Hood almost a decade before. The Eastern Air Lines Building's was not stylistic, however: it efficiently combined offices and shops with an 800-car public garage, the center's only such facility, occupying two basements and four upper levels, all largery buffered from the street by thin layers of shops and offices. The garage was far and away the most stylishly desined in the city's recent memory. It was entered from a board driveway that connected Forty-ninth and Fiftieth streets; a broad sweep of glass along the Forty-ninth Street side concluded with a curved end, introducing a purist note of International Style Modernism to the center's fundamentally traditional composition" (Stern, Robert A. M., Gilmartin, Gregory, Mellins, Thomas. New York 1930. Architecture and Urbanism Between the Two World Wars. New York. Rizzoli. 1987. Pages 666, 671).
The Eastern Airlines Building in the 1940s. Night view showing Time & Life Building (One Rockefeller Plaza).
The Center were completed!!. U. S. Rubber Building and last rivet ceremony
In November 1st 1939 the last rivet were driven for complete the steel structure of US. Rubber Company Building, that were complete in early 1940, that completed the original plan for Rockefeller Center.
Robert A. Stern (1987) says about the U. S. Rubber Building:
"The last element of Rockefeller Center was the U.S. Rubber Company Building. Its construction was a result of the long-awaited demolition of Sixth Avenue El" (Stern. 1987. Page 671).
The U.S. Rubber Company Building. July 1940.
The Rockefeller Center were completed. 1940.
The fourteen buildings were completed. View from 444 Madison Avenue Building. 1940s.
Comming soon the Second Chapter of the History of Rockefeller Center. Next, a general view of Manhattal skyscrapers in 1940.
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