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Thread: WTC Transit Hub - by Santiago Calatrava

  1. #3766

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  2. #3767

  3. #3768

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    DNAinfo
    May 25, 2016

    Passage Linking Fulton Center to WTC Transit Hub Opening Thursday

    By Irene Plagianos

    LOWER MANHATTAN — A link to Lower Manhattan's two multi-billion dollar transit hubs is set to open Thursday, MTA officials announced.

    The World Trade Center's transit hub will soon be accessible via the Fulton Center's Dey Street concourse, an underground passageway that runs under Dey Street, from Broadway to Church Street.

    The concourse now connects the Fulton Center, which opened in November 2014, to the Cortlandt Street R train station.



    At the base of the passageway, starting Thursday at 5 p.m., the walkway will also open into the WTC's marble, rib cage-like Oculus, which opened two months ago.

    The new connection links the Fulton Center underground with the WTC PATH station, WTC Towers 1 and 4, as well as Battery Park City.

    The walkway is a "vital" connection, offering passengers a "a safe alternative to heavily trafficked streets aboveground, decreasing the number of pedestrians who previously had to walk through existing World Trade Center site-related construction and heavy vehicular traffic on narrow downtown streets," the MTA said in a statement.

    The two transportation hubs are both being populated with food and retail shops, so the connection will also serve as an underground shopping link.

    The same passageway will also eventually connect the WTC E train stop to the Fulton Center, as well as the 1 train Cortlandt Street stop, once reconstruction of that station is complete in 2018, the MTA said.

  4. #3769
    Jersey Patriot JCMAN320's Avatar
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    Great news! Now all that's left is the E Train connection and the long awaited 1 Train Cortlandt Street stop!

  5. #3770

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    Q: with so many entrances/exits to this station complex, will MTA consider numbering the exits for ease of navigation as is done in many metros in China and Japan?
    A: no; such an action would require having a brain. Individuals who run the MTA lack such an organ - therefore, the prerequisite is not met.

  6. #3771

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    Wall Street Journal
    May 26, 2016

    Transit Link Opens at World Trade Center

    Underground passageway ties PATH train station and Fulton Center subway station

    By ANDREW TANGEL


    A passageway now ties the World Trade Center’s transit hub to the Fulton Center, allowing PATH riders to make direct connections to nine New York City subway lines. PHOTO: STEVE REMICH FOR THE WALL STREET JOURNAL

    At long last, lower Manhattan has a new transit link. And spats over ballooning costs were muted, at least for a day.

    A new PATH train station at the World Trade Center gained a passageway to the New York City subway Thursday, allowing riders to transfer without having to first emerge onto the streets above.

    The station’s underground link to the nearby Fulton Center subway station opened after a brief ceremony held by the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, which owns the site and operates the PATH train between the two states.

    Thanking the thousands of workers who labored to build the approximately $4 billion station, officials put aside criticism of what has, to some, become a symbol of runaway public spending.

    The station’s final price tag doubled from its original budget. The project was expensive, and perhaps controversial, said John Degnan, the Port Authority’s chairman.

    But Mr. Degnan said the World Trade Center train station is nevertheless a “magnificent structure” that signals to the terrorists who perpetrated the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks “that we are strong, we are resolute and that even a heinous act can inspire a beautiful and edifying reaction.”

    The station’s spiky exterior was designed by Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava to resemble a bird taking flight, a sign of optimism in the wake of the 9/11 attacks.


    Officials symbolically tear paper off the doors that connect the World Trade Center’s transit hub and Fulton Center during a ceremony Thursday. PHOTO: STEVE REMICH FOR THE WALL STREET JOURNAL

    It wasn’t just built with stone, steel and glass, Mr. Calatrava said, but also of hope and courage. “It is also a message of respect and a message of love to the city of New York and to the United States of America,” he said.

    Mr. Calatrava shared a stage with Port Authority officials, including Patrick Foye, the bistate agency’s executive director who said earlier this year he would pass on such an event because he has been troubled by the project’s costs “at a time of limited resources for infrastructure.”

    Mr. Foye didn’t speak publicly at Thursday’s event. But the executive director said later that he stood by his previous statement and he wanted to applaud union workers and the Port Authority’s staff.

    After the event, held in the “Oculus” of the World Trade Center station, officials oversaw a ceremonial removing of a wall between the station and Fulton Center. The station partially opened earlier this year.

    Then they unveiled a large exit sign marked by the A/C, J/Z, 4/5, 2/3 and R subway lines, posed for photos and took questions.

    A connection to the E train is expected to be completed next year. The 1 train’s Cortlandt Street stop, which was destroyed in the Sept. 11 attacks, is expected to reopen at the station in 2018.

    Copyright ©2016 Dow Jones & Company, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

  7. #3772

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    Politico New York
    May 26, 2016

    Port leaders formally celebrate opening of WTC transportation hub

    By DANA RUBINSTEIN

    On Thursday afternoon, nearly three months after it opened, the white-winged, $4 billion World Trade Center Transportation Hub finally got itself a formal opening ceremony, complete with bagpipes, a Spanish starchitect and a new line of rhetoric from the leaders of the agency that made the facility hub a reality in the first place.

    “Expensive?" asked Port Authority chairman John Degnan, to knowing titters. "Yes. Controversial? Perhaps. But hasn’t that been true in the history of art always? I think so.”

    The center of the transportation hub is a ribbed oculus with a long slit down the middle that opens to the sky. Through that skylight, the hundreds of celebrants at the Oculus on Thursday could glimpse One World Trade Center and the ongoing construction of 3 World Trade across the way.

    That the transportation hub even got an opening ceremony represented something of an achievement, since it came after a good deal of equivocation on the part of Port Authority leaders over whether the very over-budget structure merited that sort of thing.

    “This oculus is indeed art, but with a practical purpose,” Degnan said.

    Some 50,000 PATH riders a day now use the station that feeds into the Oculus. That's many times less than use Grand Central Terminal, the Port Authority Bus Terminal, or Penn Station.

    The Port predicts those numbers will grow, in part because Westfield is building a mall in the transportation hub, and in part because as of Thursday, the hub connects to nine subway lines at Fulton Center, via a just-opened passageway called the Dey Street Connection.

    Thanks to that connection, lower Manhattanites huddled against the cold or dodging the rain will now be able to walk underground from Brookfield Place on Manhattan’s west side to William Street on the East Side.

    "Coincidentally, this past week was the 133rd year anniversary of the opening of the Brooklyn Bridge, another controversial, expensive project that took 14 years to build and then became the economic engine of our region,” said the Port’s outgoing vice chairman, Scott Rechler. "And I would predict that this transportation hub will do the same for lower Manhattan.”

    The hub has won some rave architecture reviews, but it has critics, too. Most inconvenient among them is Pat Foye, the Port Authority’s executive director, who has dubbed the hub a “symbol of excess” for its dramatic cost overruns and comparative lack of utility.

    Foye took part in Thursday’s ceremonies, mutely.

    He stood on the dais but had no speaking role.

    Perhaps operating under the “If you can’t say anything nice” principle, he slipped out after the event before the media had the chance to hound him.

    That oculus is “testimony to the importance of art in the life of a nation,” Degnan said.
    Last edited by BigMac; May 27th, 2016 at 08:11 PM.

  8. #3773

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    Quote Originally Posted by JCMAN320 View Post
    Great news! Now all that's left is the E Train connection and the long awaited 1 Train Cortlandt Street stop!
    ...and the two direct connections to the southbound platform of the from the upper concourse level.

  9. #3774

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    (Steve Colmer on Facebook)

  10. #3775

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    The temporary PATH entrance has been closed off and is undergoing preliminary demolition work.

  11. #3776
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    what's with all the scratched paint and blotches on the outside white spears?

  12. #3777

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    Dezeen
    August 29, 2016

    Calatrava's Oculus at the World Trade Center photographed by Hufton + Crow

    By Dan Howarth

    Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava's vast ribbed structure that soars over the World Trade Center Transportation Hub in New York is captured in these images by British photography duo Hufton + Crow.



    Known as the Oculus, the building is designed to bring light down into the subterranean rail station and shopping centre that quietly opened in March 2016.



    It was designed by Calatrava, whose most famous projects include the Ciudad de las Artes y de las Ciencias in Valencia and an extension to the Milwaukee Art Museum.



    Hufton + Crow's recent photographs show the two rows of white steel ribs that curve around each side, creating an eye shape in plan.



    Glazing in between these elements brings copious amounts of light into the space, which has an open floor surrounded by two levels of shops. The ribs angle inward to meet at the top, where another strip of operable glass arches over.



    On its exterior, the ribs curve out and continue skyward to create asymmetric fins.



    "Although suggestive of motifs from many traditions – the Byzantine mandorla, the wings of cherubim above the Ark of the Covenant, or the sheltering wings on Egyptian canopic urns – the form may be summed up, according to Santiago Calatrava, by the image of a bird released from a child's hands," says the architect's website.



    Access to the building at street level is at both east and west ends, directly onto stairwells that project into the space high above the floor and act as viewing platforms.



    Escalators take visitors down the remainder of the height.



    The mall can also be reached from the PATH and subway train platforms, and concourses that connect the surrounding buildings.



    The Oculus has been accessible from underground since earlier this year, but its street-level entrances only recently opened. Retail spaces are quickly filling with a variety of brands.



    "The combination of natural light and sculptural form give dignity and beauty to the building's lower levels and pedestrian walkways, and provide New York City with a kind of public space it has not previously enjoyed," said Calatrava.



    The transit hub forms part of the major redevelopment of the World Trade Center site in Downtown Manhattan, which was devastated in the 9/11 terrorist attacks of 2001.



    Other projects that have completed in the vicinity include the SOM-designed One World Trade Center – currently the tallest skyscraper in the western hemisphere – Fumihiko Maki's shimmering Four World Trade Center tower and a museum dedicated to the attacks by Snøhetta.



    The buildings are arranged around a memorial to those who died in the attacks, which comprises two giant square waterfalls on the footprints the Twin Towers that previously stood on the site.



    Yet to complete is the 80-storey Three World Trade Center by Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners, which topped out in June 2016. The design for Two World Trade Center – the final skyscraper for the site – is still under discussion as developer Larry Silverstein decides between proposals by Foster + Partners or BIG.



    Calatrava has also designed a Greek Orthodox Church to replace a nearby building destroyed during 9/11.

    Copyright © Dezeen Limited 2006-2015

  13. #3778

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    New York Times
    September 5, 2016

    A Shopping Mall at Ground Zero, Uninformed by Its Sacred Land

    By David W. Dunlap


    A video screen at the Westfield World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan. Westfield plans to change the large LED screens on the 15th anniversary of the 9/11 attacks to video programming by the National September 11 Memorial and Museum. Credit Richard Perry/The New York Times

    “The advice that I would give to people today, if they’re home from work, is to — is to go about a normal day,” Mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani said on Sept. 12, 2001. “Take the day as an opportunity to go shopping, be with your children. Do things. Get out. Don’t feel — don’t feel locked in.”

    Go shopping.

    Mr. Giuliani’s common-sense counsel on the day after a terrorist attack killed 2,753 people in Lower Manhattan was quickly stripped of context and turned into caricature — retail as opiate. When the going gets tough, the tough go shopping.

    I don’t think he meant that shopping would solve the problems of a city struggling to awaken from an unparalleled nightmare. But it was the first thing that came to his mind.


    Lynne Sagalyn, who wrote “Power at Ground Zero: Politics, Money and the Remaking of Lower Manhattan,” at the trade center site last week. Credit Richard Perry/The New York Times

    The role of retailing at ground zero came to mind again last week on my first visit to the Westfield World Trade Center shopping mall, which opened in August. The experience was at once heartening and dispiriting.

    Heartening, because Santiago Calatrava’s soaring Oculus now teems with people. The cantilevered “diving boards” over the great hall have instantly become downtown’s version of the crowded balconies at Grand Central Terminal, the ideal spot to take that perfectly symmetrical architectural panorama. (With a selfie in the bargain.) Things will only get livelier when subway stations are opened at either end of the hall, and the Oculus grows into its role as a transit corridor.

    Dispiriting, because there is little to suggest that Westfield World Trade Center occupies consecrated ground. Apart from the bravura of Mr. Calatrava’s design, and the snow-white marble floors, this mall could be just about anywhere. And unlike the concourse-level mall of the original trade center, there seems to be no place yet to get your shoes shined or a key copied.

    It was also dispiriting because I could have seen this coming years ago. As a reporter, I failed to pay enough attention to the role played by Westfield America in the redevelopment. That left me susceptible to the official line that the Oculus was a transportation center with shops appended. It is now clear that the Oculus is — and was always intended to be — a shopping mall with an ancillary transportation purpose.


    Shops in the mall are in the eaves of the Oculus transportation center, designed by Santiago Calatrava. Credit Richard Perry/The New York Times

    Lynne B. Sagalyn’s new book, “Power at Ground Zero: Politics, Money and the Remaking of Lower Manhattan,” lays out some clues I neglected. Westfield had big ideas for a trade center mall years before the attack. The company is a shopping center operator founded by Frank P. Lowy and based in Australia. Its American arm was the partner of Silverstein Properties, which signed a contract with the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey in April 2001 to take over the trade center.

    Westfield looked at the expansive trade center plaza and the already profitable underground mall, and dreamed greater dreams, Ms. Sagalyn wrote: “150,000 square feet of additional shopping space created by raising the plaza one level, opening up the concourse with a grand entrance to bring light into the underground areas, and making better connections with ramps and staircases to provide access to the new level.”

    Silverstein and Westfield remained the leaseholders after the trade center was destroyed. Though city planners sought to recreate the street grid that had been obliterated by the original trade center, Westfield was adamantly opposed.

    “Frank Lowy had built his mall empire on the highly successful model of the suburban center; the design of this prototype — large, undivided pedestrian spaces without passing cars and trucks — was totally oriented to making it as easy as possible for consumers to spend money,” Ms. Sagalyn wrote.


    Westfield recommended its shops open 90 minutes later than normal on Sept. 11, after the conclusion of the 15th anniversary ceremony marking the attacks. Credit Richard Perry/The New York Times

    Westfield pulled out of the project in September 2003 but paid $1 million for an option to return. “Nothing had changed about the company’s ambition to control the retail opportunity in one of the country’s most valuable locations,” Ms. Sagalyn wrote.

    Four months later, Mr. Calatrava’s design for the World Trade Center Transportation Hub was unveiled. The mezzanine level was the working heart of the PATH commuter railroad terminal. But the birdlike steel-and-glass shell between Church and Greenwich Streets — now known as the Oculus — was what captured the city’s imagination. And that is where the Port Authority intended to accommodate many of the trade center stores.

    “The Transportation Hub offered exceptionally good retail space with strong long-term profit potential,” Ms. Sagalyn noted.

    Westfield returned and eventually put $2 billion into the project, Ms. Sagalyn said. The Oculus structure, built by the Port Authority, cost $483 million out of the overall $4 billion budget for the hub.


    The soaring Occulus, with One World Trade Center to the right. Credit Richard Perry/The New York Times

    On Sunday, the 15th anniversary of the attack will be marked with a solemn ceremony at the trade center. This is Westfield’s first chance to show itself as a corporate citizen there.

    “Due to the sensitive nature of the day,” Westfield told its tenants in a recent letter, “we’re recommending to our retailers — in part based upon guidance from our community partners — that they not open for business until the conclusion of the ceremony at approximately 12:30 p.m. This is 90 minutes after our traditional open hours on Sundays.”

    Last week, I canvassed 50 of the 60 tenants currently at the trade center. Of the 21 that responded to an email inquiry, 19 — including Apple, Breitling, Charles Tyrwhitt, Fossil, John Varvatos, Kate Spade, Kiehl’s, Kit and Ace, L.K. Bennett, Moleskine, Sephora, Sugarfina and Thomas Sabo — said they would honor the delayed-opening request. Two other stores, COS and House of Samsonite, said they would not open until 1 p.m.

    The John Varvatos store said it would donate 20 percent of the day’s sale proceeds to the 9/11 Tribute Center.

    Westfield also plans to turn the enormous LED advertising billboards in the concourses over to video programming by the National September 11 Memorial and Museum.

    The restraint is commendable. I’m not certain it suffices for the magnitude of the moment.

    But it certainly hews to Mr. Giuliani’s suggestion, made long ago.

    © 2016 The New York Times Company

  14. #3779

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    As part of the plan, they've opened up the skylight today.

  15. #3780

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    Arch Daily
    September 12, 2016

    Santiago Calatrava's Oculus Opens to the Sky in Remembrance of 9/11

    By Patrick Lynch

    Photos

    On the 15th anniversary of 9/11 yesterday, the skylights at Santiago Calatrava’s Oculus at the World Trade Center opened for the first time, allowing light to fill the massive space as a memorial to the attacks on the twin towers. Following the masterplan laid out by Daniel Libeskind, Calatrava’s design used the angle of light as a guiding principle for orienting the transportation hub – so that at precisely 10:28 am each September 11th (the time of the collapse of the North Tower), a beam of light would pass through the opening in the roof and project all the way down the center of the Oculus floor.

    A placard at the Oculus for the event explained:

    On 9/11 each year, weather permitting, the skylight of the Oculus will be opened to allow the sun to fill this entire space.

    Envisioned by Santiago Calatrava to symbolize a dove released from a child’s hand, the Oculus is situated at an angle in contrast to neighboring buildings and even the entire grid of the city, thereby allowing the light to shine directly overhead and for the sun to move across its axis exactly on September 11th each year.

    On this 15th anniversary, we remember the innocent lives lost and celebrate the acts of selflessness and courage by so many. Please join us in remembrance of the victims and heroes of 9/11.
    The roof remained open for the day's events, giving visitors a framed view of One World Trade Center, serving as a symbol of the city's strength to recover and rebuild from the tragic day.

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